Though, the fiction is considered to be the life history a seagull at one level, it is at once a metaphor or an allegory stating its deeper meanings. If we substitute or equate “Jonathan” to any man and the “Flock” as the patriarchal or conventional society and if we consider or read the story now it tells the tale of a man who fights against all odds of the society to find his self identity – the identity of an extraordinary seagull who conquered great heights in his goal of become the master of flying techniques amidst all limitations.
“Jonathan Livingston Seagull” is essentially a search for selfhood and by extension a symbolic search by any human to find and dream the contours of flying (goal) which is his dream. For this the individual self has to go through a continual process of reaching beyond itself, of expanding itself through varied experience, through multiple identities and relationships. The forms of life and the world seem paradoxical, mysterious and horrifying. To respond the world through pleasure, desire, despair, protest, hate, acceptance and to absorb the contradictions both within the self and the worl...
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...ife consists in giving up our existence in order to exist.” (Bishop, 171)
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2. Bach, Richard (2005). Jonathan Livingston Seagull. India, Harper Collins Publishers.
3. Heidegger, M.(1927) Sein and Zeit(Being & Time) Tuebinger, West Germany. Niemeyer.
4. May, R.,Angel, E., & Ellenberger, H.F. (1958) Existence. New York: Simoir & Schuster.
5. Marlow, A.H.(1968). Towards a psychology of being. New York: Van Nestrand.
6. Levinson, D.J., Darrow, C.N., Klein, E.B., Levison., M.H., & Mc Keer, B. (1978). The seasons of a man’s life. New York: Ballantine.
7. Bishop, P(2009). Analytical Psychology &German Classical Aesthetics : Goethe, Schiller, and Yung.Volume2.TheConstellation of the Self. London : Routlege.
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