Johnson's Decision for Vietnam Essay

Johnson's Decision for Vietnam Essay

Length: 940 words (2.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Before Lyndon Johnson made his decision to increase American involvement in the Vietnam conflict, he had received written recommendations from the National Security Council and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. These documents are key in understanding Johnson’s decision but they only comprise part of the decision making process. While well-written and thoughtful position papers can make a persuasive argument, they are not the most important factor in making a decision. The most important factor in decision-making is the schema of the decision maker.
The use of a variety of tools can provide insight into how Johnson made his decision. Allison’s three models of decision-making are all useful to build the picture and try to gain an understanding of why Johnson decided to increase America’s military role in the Vietnam War. Each model can provide an added layer of insight, which combined with an analysis of Johnson’s schema, can help explain why Johnson made the decision he did.
Allison’s Model I, The Rational Actor, serves as a good starting point for analysis. This model provides an initial outline of the stated “goals and objectives” . These stated objectives can offer insight for what decision makers and advocates see as important. The position paper from the executive committee makes the objectives clear. First, to have “...North Vietnamese (DRY) support and direction removed from South Vietnam….” Second to “Re-establish an independent and secure South Vietnam….” Lastly to “Maintain the security of other non-Communist nations in Southeast Asia….”
While Model I illustrates the stated goals and objectives, it does not give the whole picture. As Allison explains, it neglects to take into account Bounded Rationality . Th...


... middle of paper ...


...8.
White House Executive Committee, “Position Paper on Southeast Asia” 2 Dec 1964 (School of Advance Warfighting 7190 Writing Assignment Reader) 17. Cited hereafter as White House, “Position Paper on Southeast Asia”
White House, “Position Paper on Southeast Asia” 17
White House, “Position Paper on Southeast Asia” 17
Allison, 20
Allison, 145
Joint Chiefs of Staff, JCSM-982-64 “Memorandum regarding Courses of Action in Southeast Asia” 23 Nov 1964 (School of Advance Warfighting 7190 Writing Assignment Reader) 15. Cited hereafter as JCSM-982-64 “Memorandum regarding Courses of Action in Southeast Asia
National Security Council Working Group “Course of Action in Southeast Asia” 12 Nov 1964 (School of Advance Warfighting 7190 Writing Assignment Reader)
JCSM-982-64 “Memorandum regarding Courses of Action in Southeast Asia, 17.
Allison, pg 264

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Johnson's Decision for Vietnam Essay

- Before Lyndon Johnson made his decision to increase American involvement in the Vietnam conflict, he had received written recommendations from the National Security Council and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. These documents are key in understanding Johnson’s decision but they only comprise part of the decision making process. While well-written and thoughtful position papers can make a persuasive argument, they are not the most important factor in making a decision. The most important factor in decision-making is the schema of the decision maker....   [tags: U.S. History ]

Better Essays
940 words (2.7 pages)

Essay about President Lyndon B. Johnson

- When President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, TX on November 22, 1963, Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson took over to become president. At this time, the situation in Vietnam had become very difficult. The South Vietnamese government was breaking up and in many areas in South Vietnam, the Viet Cong was advancing. President Kennedy had committed limited troops to Vietnam during his time and the new President Johnson pledged that he would honor this commitment. Early in his presidency, Johnson worked to continue with the same commitment that Kennedy made and did not want to escalate the war....   [tags: Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon, Vietnam War]

Better Essays
1064 words (3 pages)

Perspectives On The Vietnam War Essays

- Perspectives on the Vietnam War The Vietnam War was a long and devastating conflict between the North Vietnamese and the allied nations of South Vietnam and the United States of America. The war took place as Communists seized control of northern Vietnam while the southern part of the country still abided by the actions and government of the country of old. The Communists later included the Viet Cong, set up plans and took actions to convert the south to its Communist ways. As the tensions grew within the country, a civil war began....   [tags: Vietnam War, Lyndon B. Johnson]

Better Essays
1357 words (3.9 pages)

Essay on The Case During The Vietnam War

- Throughout history, the American people have, for the most part, stood united during times of war. The people of America always seemed to rally behind each other. Most people were either willing to fight in the war or willing to take up the responsibilities of those who left for war. The majority of Americans supported the decisions of our nation’s government. This was not the case during the Vietnam War. For the first time in American history, widespread revolt against our nation’s decision to fight in the war influenced the outcome....   [tags: Lyndon B. Johnson, Vietnam War, Richard Nixon]

Better Essays
1469 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on The Vietnam War And Its Impact On America

- “No event in America is more misunderstood than the Vietnam War. It was misreported then and is misremembered now.” (Richard Nixon Brainy Quote) The United States entered the Vietnam War in an effort to prevent the spread of Communism into the South Pacific. The Vietnam War is the longest fought war in American history, beginning while President Lyndon Johnson was in office and ending with President Richard Nixon nearly 20 Years Later. (Facts About The Vietnam War You Should Know - The Vietnam War.) As stated by President Johnson, “Our objective is the independence of South Vietnam and its freedom from attack....   [tags: Vietnam War, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon]

Better Essays
993 words (2.8 pages)

President Lyndon. B Johnson and the Vietnam War Essay

- The conflict in Vietnam for the United States started when President Dwight D. Eisenhower went along with the domino theory and sent in military advisors in South Vietnam to stop the communist movement from taking place in South Vietnam. The Vietnam conflict was between the communist’s and the United States. North Vietnam was led by Ho Chi Minh, and Ho Chi Minh led the Viet Cong, a guerilla group to help spread communism. The United States were supporters of the South Vietnam because they wanted them to maintain their government rather than falling to the domino theory of communism....   [tags: Vietnam War Essays]

Better Essays
1385 words (4 pages)

Vietnam And The Vietnam War Essay

- Vietnam has a long history of fighting off imperialistic countries and empires, a Vietnamese nationalist named Ho Chi Minh grew tired of Vietnam controlled by other countries and in 1941 he formed a group called the Vietminh and began the fight for Vietnamese independence for the final time. Finally, in 1945 Ho Chi Minh had gained independence for Vietnam and began his communist rule. Ho Chi Minh believed that he would have the support of the United States due to their opposition of colonialism but due to the Cold War and Vietnam now being communist, the United States became increasingly more involved in Vietnamese affairs....   [tags: Vietnam War, Cold War, South Vietnam, Vietnam]

Better Essays
1248 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Johnson's War: The Domino Effect

- ... Decades later, the National Security Agency reported that the report was faulty. Although this intelligence was not reported to the public until after the conflict, it is evidence that the Johnson Administration was not always truthful to the American public. Johnson’s approval rating soared after the passage of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution but his favorable ratings declined shortly after because he was accused of not being honest with the American people. Johnson was perceived as untruthful by the American public which caused unrest and frustration with Johnson’s constituency....   [tags: communism, conflict, vietnam, frustration]

Better Essays
1035 words (3 pages)

The US Involvement in The Vietnam War Essay

- The Vietnam War was one of the worst wars in the United States history. The reason for the United States involvement was due to the start of communism in North Vietnam. The citizens in South Vietnam feared the control of North Vietnam and were worried that the north would take control of the south. The communist North Vietnam had support from the Soviet Union and China, making the South Vietnamese vulnerable to the north. In their time of struggle the South Vietnamese were able to receive aid from the United States....   [tags: Vietnam War Essays]

Better Essays
1060 words (3 pages)

The Antiwar Movement During the Vietnam War Essay

- The Antiwar Movement in the U.S. - End the War in Vietnam. The antiwar movement against Vietnam in the US from 1965-1971 was the most significant movement of its kind in the nation's history. The United States first became directly involved in Vietnam in 1950 when President Harry Truman started to underwrite the costs of France's war against the Viet Minh. Later, the presidencies of Dwight Eisenhower and John F. Kennedy increased the US's political, economic, and military commitments steadily throughout the fifties and early sixties in the Indochina region....   [tags: Vietnam War Essays]

Free Essays
2831 words (8.1 pages)