John Watson 's Theory Of Psychology Essay

John Watson 's Theory Of Psychology Essay

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John Watson brought about a new era and a new zeitgeist. After lecturing his speech entitled “ Psychologist as the Behaviorist Views It” in 1913 at Columbia University, there was an uproar in the psychological field. There were already so many unanswered questions from the previous theorist, that his speech answered answers that others had never thought of. He suggested that psychology was built on the wrong foundation. He stated that the use of archaic methods and inappropriate subject matter was the downfall of psychology. Instead we should focus on making psychology more uniform. The use of medical or scientific terminology and methods seemed to be the beginning, and the use of objective studies led the way. This concept sparked the beginning of his most famous contribution to psychology: behaviorism.

Behaviorism is the one force of psychology that is built on the “stimulus-response” principle. In other words, he felt that people’s actions could be changed or influenced by external variables (such as others attitudes, emotional responses, visual stimuli). There were several approaches to behaviorism floating around, however Watson’s approach was unique. He relied heavily on the notion of conditioned responses and objectifiable data. This is shown in his most famous study called the Little Albert Experiment. In the Little Albert Experiment, Watson wanted to prove that reactions can be manipulated or conditioned by an outside stimuli. He believed that most babies and people appealed to three basic emotional reactions: fear, rage, and love. He used a little boy by the name of Albert and a white rat to show people that this was fact. Whenever he presented the rat to Albert at first there was no real response. Then he introduced a...


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...NDIVIDUAL CONTRIBUTION:
During the time I have been in this group I have contributed in numerous ways. I was apart of the initial outline or blueprint for the flow of the paper. We were suppose to meet every Monday and every Monday I made sure to personally text each person to make sure we would meet even if it wasn’t the entire group. however, that was not the case on most occasions. I attended every meeting and brainstorming session in group me. I personally put the outline together and sent it to others to be proof read so there would be corrects made, or any additional data entered. I also assisted Victoria in making the powerpoint for the presentation section of the group project and created the idea of the beeping noise for classical conditioning. I spend numerous hours not only on my individual contribution but helping others with their contributions as well.

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