Essay on John Stuart Mill And The State Of Nature

Essay on John Stuart Mill And The State Of Nature

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John Stuart MILL feel as if humans should use the distinctive features of their species, such as reason and morality, thus continuing nature while transforming it. Mill wants everyone to go with the flow of nature and make changes as needed. Thus as Hobbes feels as if the state of nature is a state of war. He feels that everyone lives in fear all the time. Because of this, Hobbes feels as if no one truly has any freedom. However, since even the weakest follower could kill the strongest leader all men are ranked the same, no morality exist. They have two different perspectives on nature, however Locke doesn’t agree with either of them. Locke believes that men exist in the state of nature as each other in perfect freedom to do as they please. The state of nature is neither great or is it terrible. Locke still believes that it is chaotic, so with that being said, many sacrifice their freedom just to secure the advantages of civilized society. Mill thinks that nature is what you make it, Hobbes feels nature is nothing but a war zone, while Locke feels everyone is equal but sacrifice things so society can be great.

John Stuart Mill state of nature involves trying to improve human civilisation and its higher products such as morality and justice. Mill has come to realize that their is no pathway or guide in life. Every species has to evolv around nature. A human can be born in a castle, have tight security, take all safety precautions, and still that doesn’t make that human safe from nature. Rather it being another human trying to break in or rather an earthquake happen and destroy everything within it’s path. No matter what you can never predict what nature is going to do. A very vague example of evolving around nature is humans us...


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... and Mill believes that the state of nature should be sacrificed for the government, the reason are not the same. Locke believes that it is for the greater good of people’s feeling safe and secure while Hobbes believes that morality is not to be shown and governments are there to keep a state of peace and safeness while preventing war. Locke differs with Mill in the aspect of growing with the state of nature. Locke feels that the state of nature is too chaotic and should be changed into a form of government that limits freedom to give the ensurance of being safe, while Mill believes that the state of nature is a part of evolution and people will learn how to survive with others using their human characteristics. Mill differs from Hobbe in the sense that Mill’s theory consist of morality and trust, while Hobbes theory consist of showing no morality and trusting no man.

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