Of the two principles he shares, the first one is that of liberty governs rights and liberties, and the equality of opportunity states that if there is to be a difference in income for jobs, all persons must have a fair chance of obtaining them. These chances must be dependent on their ability to perform in the job, rather than their social class, or any other aspect that may set them apart. Both of these principles must be distributed equally. The principle of liberty is the one that has priority over the others, but it may not always be the case; it will only begin to apply once society has cleared a certain bar of economic standing, so that the entire principle will be applied with no discrimination. The second principle implies that if there must be social and economic inequalities in society, the inequalities should have certain qualities in order to be accepted. The first quality is that it must be to the advantage of ...
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... principle of difference and equality can be changed by the circumstances of the situation. The adjustments that the people put into order will determine the later result of the liberties that the people will enjoy.
This brings me to the conclusion of this paper. The principles of the Theory of Justice have been discussed. From the advantages of the principle of difference, to the disadvantages of the alternative principles, and the nature of the choices that the persons in the original position must make, as well as the kinds of reasons they can use to justify their choices. The benefits of the difference principle have been made clear, and this is the reason why John Rawls believes that the persons in the original position will choose the difference principle over the others, based on the fact that it creates a just and fair, and overall more efficient society.
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