The Rawlsian theory of justice is influenced by Hume’s philosophy with its critique of justice that which prioritizes conventions and universal meaning (Forbes, 1985, 68). Hume talked about artificial justice and Rawls coined the so-called artificial device or the “original position”, which is used to determine justice. It also takes inspiration from Kantian principles, which emphasize moral nobility and the complexity and richness of human life and experience.
The beauty of Rawls’ philosophy is its simplicity. The challenge of including the interests of the whole or a large number, as well as those of the individual’s, was addressed assuming a degree of ignorance in order to attain a desired fairness. It first rejects everything in order to get to the bottom of fairness, and justice is then determined. What this means is that similar crimes would have different resolutions because the conditions and parties in each crime are different. Also, there are crim...
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...dual. This is the reason why the philosophical framework could be very effective and applicable in contemporary times. We are amidst a culture typified by a high degree of individualist values. There is a challenge in balancing different interests and the Universalist and rigid conception of justice might not work without committing further injustices. The diversity of critiques to the Rawlsian philosophy also underpins the breadth of its coverage and served to highlight its universal application.
Forbes, Duncan. Hume's Philosophical Politics. Cambridge: CUP Press, 1985. Print
Maffettone, Sebastiano. Rawls: An Introduction. New York: Polity, 2010. Print.
Rawls, John. A Theory of Justice, Revised Edition. Harvard University Press, 1999. Print.
Sandel, Michael. Liberalism and the Limits of Justice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998. Print.
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