One strength is the inherent compulsion to look after the interests of the entire society through the Veil of Ignorance. One is unable to look after the interests of a single particular ethnic, political or social grouping because of uncertainty regarding which groups they will belong to within society, so they grant all individuals “freedom of thought, [religion], personal and political liberties” . This establishes a precedent of equality for all and ensures a fair standard of living. One might argue that behind the Veil of Ignorance, society will be able to develop such fundamental rights and equalities naturally. Considering that modern society can be seen to have developed laws and cultural rules without the Veil of ignorance, it stands to reason that Rawls’ suggested principles are unnecessary. Looking at gender inequality, German Arianism and their sharp declines suggests that society is self-correcting – particularly if the society in question exists in the modern era where international pressure for the maintenance of fundamental liberties, equality of opportunity and support for the disadvantaged is exercised. The representative behind the Veil of Igno...
... middle of paper ...
...interested, so it is unreasonable in practicality to assume such altruism on their behalf.
To conclude, Rawls’ strengths lie in his focus on the individual, protection of liberties, and equal opportunity which supports a healthy society. The criticisms of his theory include a question as to what is best for society as a whole, dismissal of beneficial inequalities and the potential for society to develop its own code of ethics as it has in reality. These criticisms, however, do not stand up to careful examination, and it is my opinion that John Rawls’ principles are in good standing.
Brock, Gillian. Phil 103 Freedom, Rights and Justice: Philosophy Department, University of Auckland, 2011.
Mill, John S. On Liberty. 4th ed. London: Penguin Books Ltd, 1974.
Rawls, John. A Theory of Justice. Original ed. Cambridge: Mass Harvard University Press, 1971.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- John Rawls’ Theory of Justice attempts to establish a fair and reasonable social account of social justice. To do this, he discusses two fundamental principles of justice, which if implemented into society, would guarantee a just and fair way of life. Rawls is mostly concerned with the social good (what is good and just), and his aim with the Theory of Justice is to provide a way that society could be one that is fair and just, while taking into consideration, a person’s primary goods (rights and liberties, opportunities, income and wealth, and the social bases of self-respect).... [tags: John Rawls, A Theory of Justice]
2303 words (6.6 pages)
- John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice holds that a rational, mutually disinterested individual in the Original Position and given the task of establishing societal rules to maximise their own happiness throughout life, is liable to choose as their principles of justice a) guaranteed fundamental liberties and b) the nullification of social and economic disparities by universal equality of opportunities, which are to be of greatest benefit to the least advantaged members of society , . Rawls’ system of societal creation has both strengths and weaknesses, but is ultimately sound.... [tags: A Theory of Justice]
959 words (2.7 pages)
- John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice holds that rational, mutually disinterested individuals, in the Original Position and given the task of establishing societal rules to maximise their own happiness throughout life, are liable to choose as principles of societal justice a) guaranteed fundamental liberties and b) the nullification of social and economic disparities by universal equality of opportunities, which are to be of greatest benefit to the least advantaged members of society , . Rawls’ system of societal cbfgdbre for the maintenance of fundamental liberties, equality of opportunity and support for the disadvantaged is exercised.... [tags: A Theory of Justice]
786 words (2.2 pages)
- Justice, a concept that has been argued since the beginning of history, but what is justice. This idea has changed throughout time, whether that be an eye for an eye, leave no debt unpaid, or modern times, in which sentences are handed out in response to how horrific the crime was. Justice has forever been changing, and has taken many definitions, but John Rawls came to know it as this idea of fairness. This idea of fairness is center around an idea of cooperation and through this cooperation, which he further explains as, “Indeed a central element of the terms of cooperation is what Rawls terms “reciprocity”, involving evaluations of benefits and respect to publicly affirmed benchmark of “e... [tags: Political philosophy, John Rawls, Economics]
1068 words (3.1 pages)
- There is a natural instinct in humans to have a justified reason for everything they do, even if they are not aware of it. It is the product of psychological reasoning. Everybody wants to be treated the same. Justice covers a broad area covered mostly by equality. “Each person is to have an equal right to the most extensive basic liberty compatible with similar liberty for others.” (Rawls 60). That quote was the first principle of justice from John Rawls A Theory of Justice. Equality is important to society because it maintains everyone getting the same as anyone of any other racial, ethical, or wealth status.... [tags: Analytical Essay, Ethics]
538 words (1.5 pages)
- With the issue of income inequality becoming more salient in present day politics, it has been argued that the United States is doing little to ensure equality of opportunity. Many economists today point to low levels of intergenerational social and economic mobility as evidence of these trends. Philosopher John Rawls’ second principle of justice states that inequalities can exist in society as long as they improve the general wellbeing of the least well off members of society. However, current inequalities in income and opportunities in the United States have been said to violate Rawls second principle of justice, because of their inability to provide the least well off members of society w... [tags: John Rawls, A Theory of Justice]
2144 words (6.1 pages)
- ... What this means is that similar crimes would have different resolutions because the conditions and parties in each crime are different. Also, there are crimes that in traditional justice could easily be punished because it fits a conventional mold. Let us suppose that a man is accused of racism because he calls someone a Negro, along with many derogatory remarks. Rawlsian philosophy does not jump into conclusion and instead, tries to understand the situation according to various approaches and involves the reflection on several case-specific variables.... [tags: philosophy, freedom, equality]
702 words (2 pages)
- John Rawls and Robert Nozick, in their writings, present their unique views on the conceived notion of a society and principles of social justice. Although their views are similar in some ways, they are also distinctly different. This difference is made clear as Rawls focuses on a scheme of basic rights, stressing a cooperative effort in society while Nozick focuses more on the individual’s right to property. In this paper I will explain both Rawls’s and Nozick’s conceptions of society and principles of social justice.... [tags: A Theory of Justice, John Rawls]
2148 words (6.1 pages)
- In A Theory of Justice John Rawls presents his argument for justice and inequality. Rawls theorizes that in the original position, a hypothetical state where people reason without bias, they would agree to live in a society based on two principles of justice (Rawls 1971, 4). These two principles of justice are named the first and second principles. The first is the equal rights and liberties principle. The second is a combination of the difference principle and the fair equality of opportunity principle, or FEOP (Rawls 1971, 53).... [tags: inequalities, fair equality, principles]
1569 words (4.5 pages)
- John Rawls' A Theory of Justice John Rawls' "A Theory of Justice" has long been revered as a marvel of modern political philosophy. It's most well-known for the two principles of justice outlined by Rawls: (1) that all persons have an equal right to liberty; and (2) that (a) all inequalities in society should be arranged to benefit the least advantages, and (b) that all positions and offices should be open and accessible as outlined by fair equality of opportunity. Rawls' conception of society, as a "co-operative venture for mutual gain", forms the basis for both principles, and he is at all times concerned with creating a stable concept of fair and just society.... [tags: Politics Political Essays]
706 words (2 pages)
- Analysis of News Channels
- Restrictions Placed Upon Women in Antigone and A Doll's House
- Limits Placed Upon Women in Antigone and A Doll's House
- Character Qualities of Nora and Antigone in A Doll’s House and Antigone
- The Strength and Courage of Women Exposed in A Doll’s House and Antigone
- Male Roles and Relationships in Antigone and A Doll's House