John Locke was a philosopher and physician who lived from 29th August 1632 to 28th October 1704. He is highly recognized among the enlightenment thinkers, who explained many of the ideas that affect human life in today’s society. He is widely known as the father of classical liberalism, because of his emphases on liberty of persons by, restricting the authority of the state Jenkins and John (18). He is also regarded as one the first imperialist in Britain because his pioneer work on imperialism theory, a theory in epistemology that asserts that knowledge comes only from sensory experience. He is equally important when studying the theory of the social contract, which addresses questions of how the society originated and the legitimacy of the authority that a state can exert over an individual. It addresses the aspect of natural and legal rights (Jenkins and John 41).
Locke’s works had an immense influence on the development of epistemology and political philosophy. His writings had a huge influence on enlightenment writers, historians and philosophers like Voltaire and Rousseau, Scottish enlightenment thinkers, and the American revolutionaries. Locke’s works on classical Republicanism and liberal theory constitutes the US declaration of independence. Locke influenced Hume, Rousseau, and Kant with his theory of mind, where he defined self through a continuity of consciousness. By maintaining that, at birth, the mind is blank, people are born without inanimate ideas and that the only determinant of knowledge is experience derived from sense perception. Modern perceptions of identity and the self are greatly influenced by Locke’s works Jenkins and John (63). Locke discussed int...
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...ism, which has greatly influenced education theory and development of psychology, (Locke “some thoughts concerning understanding” 7).
"Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy." Locke, JohnÂ . N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Apr. 2014.
Arthur, J., & Shaw, W. H. (1992). Social and political philosophy. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Jenkins, John J.. Understanding Locke: an introduction to philosophy through John Locke's Essay. Edinburgh: University Press, 1983. Print.
Locke, J., & Vernon, R. (2010). Locke on toleration. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Locke, John. An essay concerning human understanding. New York: Dover Publications, 1959. Print.
Locke, John. Second treatise of government. Raleigh, N.C.: Alex Catalogue, 199. Print.
Locke, John. Some thoughts concerning education. Hoboken, N.J.: BiblioBytes, 199. Print.
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