Locke begins his argument by defining the origin and legitimacy of property. In doing so, he must demonstrate that the common property given to man by God can become private property “without any express compact of all the commoners.” (pg.18). He starts of by establishing “that God gave the world to Adam, and his posterity in common,” (pg.18). However, reason then guides man towards self preservation (Law of Nature) and for man to achieve self preservation he must use labour as a means of appropriation. To do so, man must use his physical and mental being to create private motions (that belong only to himself) to generate labour. Thi...
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...sent was a just form of consent) to money, allowing an unequal accumulation of property, therefore contributing to capitalist principles and contradicting socialist principles. Locke uses property and it’s need of consent to shine light on unequal accumulation, and therefore the need for a limited government.
In conclusion, Locke signifies the importance of property by introducing the elements of labour, money and consent. He begins by introducing the importance of labour and its ability to shift common property towards private property. He then initiates the need of a natural limit in the state of nature and the need of positive laws (established by a government) after the admittance of money. It is then concluded that consent is a vehicle in the creation of a political society, in which political power is the rightful power of executing laws for the public good.
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