John Keat's Poem To Autumn Essay

John Keat's Poem To Autumn Essay

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John Keats’s poem, “To Autumn” is an ode poem, exemplifying his feelings, experiences and thoughts towards the season of autumn. When a reader first reads the poem, it is clear to them that the speaker is somewhere midday admiring a beautiful fall day. It is not until analyzing the poem, does the reader understand the depth the speaker has gone to describe the day he is experiencing. However, beneath simple ideas the speaker presents, lays a complex structure that is uneasy to unpack but has a timeless component from the 1800’s. Many poems from the 1800’s like Keats use strict stanza structure, rhyme scheme and rhythm. But by using sense imagery Keats displays the quiet daily observations and appreciation of a fall day without disturbing the structure. In this particular poem lies an ability to suggest, explore and develop an abundance of themes without unsettling its calm description of autumn. Keats creates an overwhelming awareness of the discontentment autumn has become accustomed to.
“To Autumn” is written in a three-stanza structure, and has a variety of rhyme schemes. In each of the stanzas there is eleven lines, each is measured in a relatively precise iambic pentameter. Unlike other odes Keats has written, this particular poem has eleven line stanzas instead of ten but does not include a couplet that is placed before the conclusion of the last stanza. The beginning of each stanza follows an ABAB rhyme scheme while the last seven lines vary between stanzas. In the first stanza when the speaker begins with “To bend with apples the mossed cottage-trees,” (Keats 5) the rhyme scheme changes to CDEDCCE. The concluding seven-lines for the second and third stanzas is CDECDDE. As well in this poem Keats uses accents on words in or...


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... the structure, language or overall theme. Because the poem was written in the 1800’s, it limits the amount of free verse rhyme, and rhythm that can often be an added element. Though the structure is strict and allows only a handful of rhyming words that must obtain to a ten syllable rhythm, Keats never fails to express what he has seen and heard on the fall day he was experiencing when he wrote this poem. By the end of the poem, the speaker successfully modifies autumns mind, and finally convincing the season to realize its beauty, potential and individuality. With hope the readers of this ode, open their minds to all that the “Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness”(1) has to offer.



Works Cited

http://www.enotes.com/homework-help/what-devices-used-ode-autumn-425648
http://www.sparknotes.com/poetry/keats/section6.rhtml
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/To_Autumn

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