Essay on John F. Kennedy And Richard M. Nixon

Essay on John F. Kennedy And Richard M. Nixon

Length: 2093 words (6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The 1960 Presidential election set the tone for the decades of political elections that would follow. John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon both led ambitious efforts to try and win the presidency, and it became clear from the onset of the campaign that religion was going to play a pivotal role in how the candidates were viewed and in the outcome of the election. This was the first national election where the debate over religion took center stage, in addition to the widespread availability of television in people’s homes, and the increased use of money in funding a campaign.
There were several candidates vying for the Democratic Party’s presidential nomination in 1959. Senator Lyndon Baines Johnson of Texas, who was also the Democratic leader in the senate, Senator Stuart Symington of Missouri, former presidential nominee Adlai E. Stevenson, Senator Wayne Morse of Oregon, Senator John Fitzgerald Kennedy of Massachusetts, and Senator Hubert Horatio Humphrey of Minnesota were the six men competing for the bid.
Senators Johnson and Symington both chose to forgo participating in the primaries in the hopes that they could secure the Democratic nomination without officially declaring candidacy. Symington’s candidacy was “rooted in the fact that he had steered a cautious political path that made him agreeable to all party factions” and would hopefully be enough to win the bid, but ultimately he couldn’t get the support that was necessary. Since Johnson was from Texas, he already had the support of the majority of the South, and thought that that in conjunction with his friendships with senators from the West would be enough to gain him the votes for the nomination. By the time he started making moves on the West coast, it was too la...


... middle of paper ...


...dy camp. The memo discussed how choosing a Catholic running mate would help the Democrats defeat Eisenhower and it made the argument that “the Catholic vote was large and powerful because of the concentration of Catholics in 14 states with 261 electoral votes and because Catholics turned out to vote in greater proportion than did non-Catholics” . When Al Smith was the first Catholic candidate to run for the presidency in 1928 and was defeated, it was assumed that he lost the election because of his religious affiliation. “The [Bailey] memo addressed the Smith question directly. Marshaling voting data and historical analysis, Sorensen concluded that it was a myth that Smith lost simply because he was a Catholic” . This document helped the Kennedys to create a strategy on how to handle the religion issue on the campaign trail and win the presidential election in 1960.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon Essay example

- Both John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon were elected to Congress in 46, a year in which the New Deal took a serious beating as the Republicans regained control of Congress on the slogan Had Enough. Nixon of course, had campaigned against incumbent Jerry Voorhis on an anti-New Deal platform, but it's often forgotten that when JFK first ran for the House in 1946, he differentiated himself from his Democratic primary opposition by describing himself as a fighting conservative. In private, Kennedy's antipathy to the traditional FDR New Deal was even more extensive....   [tags: Compare Contrast American Politics]

Free Essays
1456 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on John F. Kennedy : The Greatest President Ever

- John F. Kennedy “Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country” was once said by the 2nd youngest president in our long history. John F. Kennedy in my opinion was one of the greatest president ever. A good president symbolize what the United States stands for. I honestly believe that all of best presidents in our nation was in the 1900s. In the new century there hasn 't been a president that changed the United States in a good way yet. But everyone has their own opinion on everything....   [tags: John F. Kennedy, Cold War, Richard Nixon]

Strong Essays
1028 words (2.9 pages)

The Legacy Of John F. Kennedy Essay

- Imagine being on the brink of death because of various health issues throughout your life, but you end up dying from a gunshot. John F. Kennedy was given his last rites three times because he became ill, but he never ended up dying. Throughout his life, JFK was a house representative, senator, and the president of the United States. During his first term at the age of 46, he died. Although John F. Kennedy was assassinated at an early age, his short lived political career has left a lasting mark on America....   [tags: John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon]

Strong Essays
1475 words (4.2 pages)

The Legacy Of John F. Kennedy Essay

- John F. Kennedy is different than other US presidents in many instances; however, most notably, he was elected the second youngest President of the United States, and was the youngest to die in office. Diverse from other leaders of our country, Kennedy’s famous inaugural speech on January 20th, 1961, inspired all to be more active in our country. His well-known words, "Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country,” are still remembered today as one of the most impacting quotes in American history....   [tags: John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon]

Strong Essays
1251 words (3.6 pages)

The Speech Of John F Kennedy

- ... This was meant to inspire the people of America to stand and make the country the best it can be, instead of expecting it to come without hassle. The significance of JFK’s speech to the people was the importance of making the right choice and whether or not he would stick by his promises. His election was one of the closest in American history running against Vice president Richard Nixon. JFK reassured the people by beginning his speech with “We observe today not a victory of party but a celebration of freedom--symbolizing an end as well as a beginning,”....   [tags: John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon]

Strong Essays
856 words (2.4 pages)

John F. Kennedy : The President Of The United States Essay

- ... In the election Mr. Kennedy faced many insulting outbursts from anti-catholics. He was able to overcome this obstacle and even lighten it by comparing it to Richard Nixon’s protestant religion. He promised to not let religion stand in the way of his leadership, but thought having a diversity of Religions was a good thing. He preached that in order to project the freedom to worship, there must be a vast diversity in religions. Not only was John F. Kennedy open to freedom of religion, but also unity....   [tags: John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon]

Strong Essays
1095 words (3.1 pages)

Analysis Of John F. Kennedy 's Political Campaign Essays

- During John F. Kennedy’s political campaign, there were many issues present that the candidate had to address: there was tension due to the communist threat, tension among American citizens due to the Civil Rights movement, and a recent recession that was very sluggish in recovering. Relating to these issues President Kennedy’s slogan was “getting America moving again”; these topics are addressed in a fast and effective manner in his minute-long television ad that was endorsed by the group: Citizens for Kennedy-Johnson....   [tags: John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon]

Strong Essays
1159 words (3.3 pages)

Essay on The Presidential Debates Between John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon

- The Presidential Debates Between John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon In the Presidential Election of 1960 John Fitzgerald Kennedy and Richard Milhouse Nixon were in a series of debates that were different from past debates. The three biggest national television networks arranged for the debate to be televised on all three stations. The Democratic candidate, Senator Kennedy from Massachusetts, and Vice President Nixon both agreed on the televised debates. Each debate was given a subject matter that the candidates agreed to correspond their answers with the subject....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
1526 words (4.4 pages)

The War Of The Vietnam War Essays

- ... These generals succeeded in their coup, allowing them to seize power in November 1963 and assassinate Diem along with his unpopular brother. The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge knew about the coup but did nothing. The new leader who was put into power, proved to be ineffective and corrupt. After the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson became the new President and pledged to honor the commitments of the late President Kennedy. He planned to do this through reducing the involvement of the United States in Vietnam....   [tags: Vietnam War, Richard Nixon, John F. Kennedy]

Strong Essays
2535 words (7.2 pages)

President Harry S. Truman Essays

- In the 1952 presidential election, President Harry S. Truman, a Democrat, was succeeded by President Dwight David Eisenhower, a Republican candidate. President Dwight David Eisenhower was a decorated military man. He was the Supreme Commander of the allied forces in WWII. By the 1952 election, the United States had not officially entered the Vietnam War. Per a lecture from POSC 458 - the Vietnam Wars, the United States officially entered the conflict in Vietnam in 1955 although President Harry S....   [tags: Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon, John F. Kennedy]

Strong Essays
1860 words (5.3 pages)