Jews in the Ottoman Empire Essay

Jews in the Ottoman Empire Essay

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The economic lives of the Jews in the Ottoman Empire

Are Jewish people ruling the world? How comes that all Jews are rich people? These kind of questions are considerable asked by Turkish people. Lots of conspiracy theories are created and they engage people’s attention. In other words, this issue creates lots of question marks in people’s minds. It would be pretty hard to find out who rules the world for an undergraduate paper but it is clearly possible to mention that Jewish people has always been in a special position in different countries. Jews has always been in a privileged position for the Turkic states as well, especially for the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic. This essay aims to make references to the related issues about the Jewish people and their economic lives. In order to understand the position of Jewish people in the Ottoman Empire, it is beneficial to comprehend the political, economic and social atmosphere in the Ottoman Empire.
In the Ottoman Empire and the Shraia law, non-Muslim people have different regulations. As a Muslim Empire, Ottoman Empire has been the last Islamıc Empire. This is why, the national system in the Ottoman Empire was based on Islamic Laws. These laws included the regulations about the Muslims, Christians, Jews, and the Idolaters. Idolaters had been forced to convert their religion to Islam or they would be executed. Next, for the Christians and Jews the regulation was different. Because of the fact that these are also “abrahamic religions”, they could choose to be executed, to convert their religion to Islam or the subjection. At this point, the subjection meant to accept the superiority of the Muslim people and the Islam, and also accept paying the taxes that non-Muslim peo...


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...benefits and positive effects of the Jews on the Ottoman Empire’s economy, in accordance with the Ottoman sharia laws, Jews were also taxed with a higher rate same as all non-Muslim vassal. Muslim people were inherently taxed but non-Muslim taxing rated were higher as might be expected. This was one of the most significant source of income for the Ottoman treasuries. The taxes that the Ottoman Empire imposed can be analyzed under two main subheadings. These are permanent taxes and temporal taxes. The permanent taxes includes “the tithe, the land tax, the poll tax, the tribute raised by vassal non-Muslim rates, customs and market taxes.” On the other hand, temporal taxes are “occasional or emergency taxes” which are imposed by the sultan in his own personal capacity for the regulations about the cases of the state prosperities.
The Methods of the Jewish Merchants


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