Essay about Jews, Christians, And Muslims

Essay about Jews, Christians, And Muslims

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In this week 's reading, we read about how Jews, Christians, and Muslims interacted with one another in Barcelona, Toledo, and Granada.
Elka Klein 's book on Jews, Christian Society, and Royal Power in Medieval Barcelona gives context to Jewish/Christian relations in Barcelona, while also defining the Jewish "community" in terms of acculturation.
Barcelona was still a frontier society ruled by the Counts of Barcelona after Louis the Pious captured the city from the Moors in the ninth century, and it became a vital commercial center in the 12-13th centuries under Ramon Berenguer VI. Jews in Barcelona were both connected to Muslim Spain and the North, as they acted as intermediaries. Klein argues that Jews underwent behavioral assimilation, as they were able to keep their group identity. This is in contrast to the idea of Convivencia, as there were still resentment and tension among Christians and Jews to keep a form of separation, and this allowed Jews autonomy in their communities. Legally, Jews had the right to make ordinance that were binding to all members of the community in the synagogue and in the academies. These leaders could exercise power over all members, but they still depended on the community 's acceptance of their power. Although there was no sacramental system to punish transgressors from these laws, the Jewish community had a form of ostracism called herem, which excluded individuals from performing business transactions. Also, while Jews were seen as servi to the Christian kings, in actuality they were neither slaves or serfs, as Jews could marry and they had control over their property and work. There is also little evidence from Latin sources before the 13th century about how much money was collected in taxe...

... middle of paper ... as money changers, and Jews not being the chosen race, according to the Qur 'an.

Ibn Bassam (d. 1147) was a Muslim individual who praised Samuel, but hated his son Joseph. Ibn Bassam 's first chapter is a prose in honor of Samuel that compares Samuel to the Ka 'ba, and how out of respect of Samuel, Ibn Bassam upholds the Jewish religious tradition. The second chapter, however, discusses the "murder of that Jew," Joseph. Ibn Bassam characterizes Joseph as an esoteric, radical figure who was open about hating Islam.

Abraham ibn Daud (c. 1110- 1181) was a Jewish scholar, who recounted the career of Samuel and Joseph a century later. In comparison to the previous Muslim writers, his writing is less hostile to the Jews. Abraham describes Samuel as a very giving and pious individual, and Joseph as lacking humility, which is why he obtains the jealousy of the Muslims.

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