Bentham was “a hedonistic utilitarian that argued when attempting to evaluate the pleasure or pain produced by an action, there are various aspects of the pleasure and pain that we should consider” (DeGeorge 46). Using the utilitarian approach, one weighs the good and bad consequences when considering an action. If the good outweighs the bad, it is generally a good decision. This moral reasoning exists when a person ponders the consequences of an action by using utilitarian calculus. This is where an ethical math measures the consequences in the measurement of hedons (positives) and dolors (negatives). “For Bentham, pleasure and pain serve not only as explanations for action, but they also define one’s moral. It is, in short, on the basis of pleasures and pains, which can ...
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...’s societies” (Schwartz).
Jeremy Bentham died in London in 1832. Known for his utilitarianism principle, “his influence was minor during his life. His impact became greater in later years as his ideas continued through his followers such as John Stuart Mill, John Austin, and other consequentialists” (Sweet). I found a couple of odd items about Bentham’s life. The first is that he devoted his life to writing, but he was not as interested in publishing. He also requested in his will that they embalm his body and preserve his corpse in a closet. Bentham spent his much of his life writing on legal reform, focusing on the philosophy of law and the principle of utilitarianism. No matter whether you agree or disagree with the utilitarianism theory, Jeremy Bentham’s lifelong writings and contribution were a major influence on the philosophy of law and ethical theory.
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- Jeremy Bentham was born on February 15, 1748 in Houndsditch, London. He was raised in a period of social, economic, and political prosperity that impacted his take on society. Being the son and grandson of attorneys, he was influenced to practice law in his family. By age 12, Bentham attended Queen’s College, Oxford, pursued law and graduated four years later. However, he soon discovered that he had a real passion for writing and on most days, he spent eight to twelve hours devoted to writing. Bentham composed an essay that criticized and ridiculed America’s take on political philosophy after the Declaration of Independence was published in 1776.... [tags: Utilitarianism, Ethics, Jeremy Bentham, Morality]
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