Jefferson And Madison And Federalism

Jefferson And Madison And Federalism

Length: 916 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
John Adams was the last Federalist president which led to the next 16 years of Thomas Jefferson as president for two terms and James Madison as president for two terms. Jefferson and Madison were members of the Republican Party, which had principles and philosophies that were very different than the views of the Federalists. Jefferson and Madison each abandoned the Republican philosophies for Federalism. Jefferson and Madison took on Federalist views while being President of the United States. However, Jefferson and Madison each picked somewhere to stand their ground and keep some of their Republican views.
Jefferson didn't out right abandon Republican views. Jefferson's mission was to restore republicanism, to check the growth of government power, and to stop the decline of virute that had set in during Federalist rule. In his inaugural address he stated, "The will of the majority is in all cases to prevail, that will to be rightful must be reasonable; the minority posses their equal rights, which equal law must project, and to violate would be oppression." A Republican view was to be ruled by informed masses which is majority rule. The common good pointed in the direction of Federalism. Jefferson had to do soemthing about the Barbary Pirates. He sent a navy to the shores of Tripoli. After four years, a treaty was signed. The small gunboats that were used in the war fascinated Jefferson so he deployed 200 of these gunboats along the coast to guard American shores. Republicans believed in a minimal army and navy. Jefferson aboandoned Republicanism by entering into the Tripolitan War and then keeping a navy along the Untied States' coast after the war. The United States was given the chance to buy all of Lousiana for $15 million. Jefferson knew that this would be technically unconstitution but he still sumbitted the treaties to the Senate. Once again, Jefferson changed from Republican views to Federalist views because of his realist and public official side. Jefferson knew this would help the United States grow and it would keep Louisana out of the hands of other countries in Europe. Because of the war between France and Britain, the United States wanted to perserve their neutrality. The United States could trade with either of the countries without facing attacks. Jefferson asked Congress for an embargo.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Jefferson And Madison And Federalism." 18 Nov 2019

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Legacy Of Jefferson And Hamilton Essay

- Jefferson and Hamilton both articulated admirable visions of America’s future, and both believed to be carrying out the legacy of the revolution. Hamilton favored a strong central government, a balanced market oriented economy and a national bank. Jefferson, on the other hand, desired to create strong state governments, have agriculture as the backbone of America and little government involvement within the economy. Despite the merits of each vision, implementation of only one of the plans would have led to either a very different or shortened American history....   [tags: United States, Federalism, Thomas Jefferson]

Research Papers
1203 words (3.4 pages)

Madison And Jefferson's Federalist Ideas Essay

- From 1801-1817 there was a clear separation of the United States. The Federalist and Democratic-Republican parties were in strong opposition of one another. Though the Republicans were usually characterized as strict constructionists, who were opposed to the broad constructionism of the Federalists, both Jefferson and Madison's presidencies highlighted Federalist ideals in many of their decisions. This included Jefferson's unconstitutional decision in purchasing the vast Louisiana territory and Madison's… The standard Democratic-Republican had many beliefs in which followed the Constitution whole heartily....   [tags: Political Science]

Research Papers
952 words (2.7 pages)

The Federalists And Republican Republicans Essay

- Once the Constitution was drafted to replace the Articles of Confederation, the feud between the Federalists and Anti-Federalist simmered down because the decision of the Federalist to include the Bill of Rights placated the Anti-Federalists’ fears about the renovations. After the Bill of Rights was implemented, the Anti-Federalists transitioned into the Democratic-Republicans, thus beginning the conflicting views between the two emerging political parties, the Federalists and Democrat-Republicans....   [tags: United States, Federalism, James Madison]

Research Papers
1130 words (3.2 pages)

The Age Of Federalism Written By Two Highly Skilled Historians Essay

- The Age of Federalism written by two highly skilled historians Stanley Elkins and Eric Mckitrick describes how the country advance from just an idea to a working republic. In different ways, this story is about the evolution of two party system. It is surprising how the political organizations quickly became an integral party of a democratic system, but they did this regardless of warnings against political factions by American leaders who was afraid for the diverse impact it may have on the emerging republic....   [tags: Political party, Politics, Stanley Elkins]

Research Papers
1260 words (3.6 pages)

Federalism Essay

- Federalism The term "federalism" describes the changing relationship between the national and state governments as they sort out their roles and responsibilities within the federal system. America has a decentralized government; there is no single source of power or center of government. Federalism goes well with pluralism, because of the multiple centers of power that exist in the government, and also the many divisions of power. There are several levels of government including the federal government, the 50 states, county and city governments and independent school districts....   [tags: Papers]

Research Papers
2586 words (7.4 pages)

Essay on Marbury vs Madison

- Marbury vs Madison As the government was newly establishing its stronghold on the nation, forging its way to a powerful republic and instituting precedents for the future, a struggle to preserve the foundations of American Society instituted by Washington and John Adams existed as Thomas Jefferson took office. In an attempt to maintain the “edifice of the National Government” believing Jefferson would topple the prestigious nation with his atheist views, Adams appointed various Federalists to the judiciary....   [tags: essays papers]

Research Papers
922 words (2.6 pages)

Anti Federalists By Eric Foner Essay

- Anti-Federalists Eric Foner claims the definition of Federalism refers to the relationship between the national government and the states. Unlike the Constitution, the Articles of Confederation came with many weaknesses. Some provided by our powerpoint include that the Federal government had no power to make the states obey the Articles and laws that were passed by the legislature. The states also had the power to tax, and the opportunity to print their own money. Our powerpoint focuses on the $10 million Congress owed to other countries, as well as the $40 million it owed to the American veterans....   [tags: United States Constitution, Federalism]

Research Papers
853 words (2.4 pages)

The Articles Of Confederation And Constitution Essay

- Confederation and Constitution After the defeat of the British, the United States was faced with numerous growing pains as they transitioned from a colony from ties to a well-established mother country, to a newborn country suffering from economic turmoil. During this time of turmoil, the founding fathers began to develop differing ideas on how to cultivate a prosperous nation in both an economic and political sense. It was only through debate and compromise, that this goal was achieved. The initial agreement amongst the former colonies made for a poor national foundation....   [tags: United States Constitution, James Madison]

Research Papers
1321 words (3.8 pages)

Marbury V. Madison ( 1803 ) Essay

- Marbury v. Madison (1803) is one of the most important cases in the history of the Supreme Court. It began in 1800, with the beginning of the Democratic-Republican party of Thomas Jefferson (McBride). John Adams of the Federalist Party had just been defeated and creating political alarm for the group (McBride). John Adams in his final days of presidency decided to appoint a great number of justices of the peace (McBride). The new President Jefferson and his Republicans were infuriated with Adams act before he left office....   [tags: Thomas Jefferson, James Madison]

Research Papers
711 words (2 pages)

Thomas Jefferson And The Republican Party Essay

- Thomas Jefferson, James Monroe, and James Madison were all members of the Democratic- Republican Party. The Democratic- Republican Party had many standards for which it was built upon. These standards included the opposition of the National Bank, tariffs, Great Britain, and the Jay Treaty. They stood for a strict constitution, states rights, and they saw the importance in the yeoman farmers. All of these things went completely against everything that their opposing Federalist party stood for. However, even though their beliefs strongly differed those of the Federalists it didn’t stop Jefferson, Monroe, or Madison from adopting Federalist ideas....   [tags: Thomas Jefferson, James Madison]

Research Papers
1010 words (2.9 pages)

Related Searches

To enforce the embargo, Jefferson put armed troops in the ports. This violated the Republican view of anti army. Also Jeffeson left many of the Federalist institutions intact during his Presidency like the Bank of the United States. Republicans encouraged state banks but Jefferson didn't get rid of the national bank. Jefferson had many Republican views which were turned into Federalist views. This was because he wanted to do what was best for the United States even if that meant betrayng his Republican views.
Madison took the presidental oath on March 4, 1809 as a Republican but he too like Jefferson would take some Republican views and replace them with Federalist views. In the spring of 1812, Madison believe that war with Britain would be inevitable. For five years, the United States had tried to stay neutral and to not get militarily involved with Britain or France. On June 1, 1812, Madison asked Congress to declare war. This was called "Mr. Madison's War." A Republican view was to stay out of foreign wars and they also didn't believe in large armies of navies. Madison went from this peaceful Republican view to a more Federalist view. He wanted to be at war with Britain and to settle the disputes militarily and not peacefully. Madison had accepted the necessity of a Hamiltonian national bank, an effective taxation system based on tariffs, a standing professional army and a strong navy. Those are all Federalist views that Madison accepted. He abandoned his Republican views because he believed the Federalist ideas were better for the United States.
However, each president decided that not to abandon all their Republican views and principles. Jefferson had Washington as the capitol. It contrasted the elegant atmosphere of Federalist Philadelphia. Jefferson hated the excise tax, and persuaded Congress to repeal it. Jefferson believed that national debt was bane and not a blessing and a strict economy could reduce the debt while balanceing the budget. Originally Jefferson did reduce the military to a police force of 2,500 men. Jefferson believed that the United States could transend the bloody wars and entangling alliances of Europe. When the Chesapeake was attacked by a British ship, Jefferson could have had war if he wanted it but he didn't want to get involved in a war. Madison drew the line at internal improvements that were advocated by his Treasury Secretary. He believed that internal improvements were for states to fund. Jefferson and Madison didn't totally abandon their Republican priciples. They kept many of their Republican views.
Presidents Thomas Jefferson and James Madison had compromised some of their Republcan priciples for Federalist principles. Each of them did this because they believed that it was for the will of the majority or for the good of the United States. They also eventually drew the line and stayed true to many or their Republican princples. Both Jefferson and Madison achieved great things while they were presidents. Jefferson, however, had more Republican principles in that he believed in equality in all people, a less obtrusive government, and a broad interpretation of the Constitution. Madison, while agreeing on a more broad interpretation of the Constitution, instead wanted a stronger central government and more governmental powers. However both of the administrations were Republican.
Return to