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...he surrounding environment and world (Bandura, 1989, p. 58). According to Bandura (1989), developing the capacity to self-reflect not only leads to greater understanding but also fosters the ability to monitor ideas, predict the possible outcome of those ideas, judge the adequacy of ideas in different scenarios, and alter them accordingly, if needed (p. 58). The basis for this process of thought verification and modification can take four distinct forms depending on circumstances, such as enactive, vicarious, persuasory, and logical (Bandura, 1989). The former forms relate to appraising one’s adequacy between thought and action (i.e., self-efficacy) and observing others’ actions to check one’s own thinking, while the latter forms require comparing one’s thoughts to others so as to be persuaded and modifying thoughts via logic and deductive reasoning (Bandura, 1989).
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