J.b. Watson 's Theory Of Operant Conditioning Essay

J.b. Watson 's Theory Of Operant Conditioning Essay

Length: 726 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

J.B. Watson was very influential in the psychological field of behaviorism and stated the following in the early 20th century "Give me a dozen healthy infants and my own specified world to bring them up in and I 'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select - doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant, chief and, yes, even a beggarman and thief"

B.F. Skinner
Skinner would most likely agree with Watson 's quote and could carry it out through his use of Operant conditioning. Skinner is considered the father of operant conditioning, but he somewhat built his work off of Thorndike 's law of effect. Thorndike studied mice escaping a box using trial and error. He noticed that the effect of each behavior would determine if it 's repeated in the future. Skinner added the reinforcement principle which holds that behaviors that are rewarded are more likely to be repeated in the future and behaviors that are punished are not likely to be repeated. Skinner would train his infants using this reinforcement principle to condition them into the specialist requested. For example, if he 's training someone to become a doctor, he could reward them with a positive reinforcer like a nice dinner if they complete the days training to become a doctor or punish them with no dinner if they don 't complete the tasks. However, this type of reinforcer may only work if you establish a need of food in the children. As observed by Skinner when testing his theory with rats, the pellets only worked as a reinforcer when they were hungry. Skinner would agree with Watson but the type of reinforcer used would have to be something the individuals are dependent on to guarantee his success.

Leon Festinger
Festinger w...

... middle of paper ...

...lso many limitations to this theory because he based it on concepts that can 't be experimentally testable. If Watson knew the exact connection between these forces and how they affect the individual, then according to Freud, he could subconsciously (mostly during childhood) direct the individual to become the specialist required.

My View
I agree with Watson because I 'm a believer in that humans are born with a blank slate and that they are nurtured into the people that they become. Skinners use of operant conditioning would be my primary form of training because I know from personal experience, when my parents wanted me to do something, if there a reward involved I 'll definitely do it. This form of positive reinforcement is a powerful tool used in society today, if someone does well at their job then their boss may give them a raise so the behavior is repeated.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Operant Conditioning And Operant Behavior

- Learning can be quantified through observable behaviour and is adaptive to a creature’s specific environment at an individual level rather than species level. Behaviour can be broken down into two main categories, respondent behaviour, which is impacted by events that preceded it and operant behaviour, which is behaviour that is influenced by events that follow it. Behaviour can be analysed using a three term contingency of ABC. A is the antecedent, which can increase or decrease a behaviour depending on what is desired, B is the observed behaviour and C is the consequence of that behaviour, certain consequences increase behaviour whilst some decrease it....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning]

Better Essays
1352 words (3.9 pages)

Essay on The Theory Of Operant Conditioning

- Operant Conditioning looks at intentional actions that might have an effect on the surrounding environment. Thorndike was the first to conduct the study then behaviourists Skinner developed his study to explain how many aspects of the human behaviour are acquired. Skinner thought the classical conditioning was too simplistic to be a complete explanation of human behaviour. Thorndike 's study looked at the way cats would learn to escape from the puzzle box by trial and error. Cat did not immediately acquire the desirable escape behaviour, however it gradually increased their ability to show it....   [tags: Operant conditioning, Classical conditioning]

Better Essays
1778 words (5.1 pages)

The Theory Of Operant Conditioning Essay

- Behaviorism revolves around the measurable and observable characteristics of human behavior, and is based off of the principle that behavior is a result of stimulus-response associations. The purpose of this learning theory is using conditioning in order to acquire a desired behavior. Once understood, the use of behaviorism can be an effective tool in the classroom for educators to use. The two main discoverers of this learning theory are John B. Watson and B. F. Skinner. Watson believed that human behavior was a result of the environment and the stimuli that brought about specific responses from it....   [tags: Reinforcement, Operant conditioning]

Better Essays
1156 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about The Theory Of Classical Conditioning

- Joey 's program will be based in Applied Behavior Analysis which was first introduced in 1913, when John Watson started a movement towards behaviorism with his article “Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It” (Miltenberger, 2012). Based on Pavlov 's observations of classical conditioning, Watson suggested that human behavior could also be explained by the same means and that the process of classical conditioning was proper subject matter for psychology. He believed all human behavior were responses to external stimuli and environmental events (Miltenberger, 2012)....   [tags: Operant conditioning, Reinforcement]

Better Essays
1460 words (4.2 pages)

Classical Vs. Operant Conditioning Essay

- Classical and operant conditioning are similar in many different ways. They’re both the same by the learning that can be affected by the consistency frequency and time of the admiration. Classical conditioning pairs two stimuli and operant conditioning pairs behavior and the response. They can both phase acquisition and extinction and that may also be reversed by using other conditioning skills. These two conditioning each have their own differences by their different methods they use. Classical conditioning is a large type of learning that has to do with a major influence on the process that occurs through associations between an environmental stimulus and a naturally occurring stimulus....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning]

Better Essays
902 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on Watson's Classical Conditioning Research

- What is Watson’s Classical Conditioning. Classical Conditioning was found by Dr. Ivan Pavlov. Watson’s research was influenced by Pavlov’s Classical Conditioning Theory. Watson made a research on children’s emotions using the Classical Conditioning model. According to Watson, love, fear, and anger are the three kinds of emotions inherited by humans (Hall 1988). He believed these emotions could be learned through conditioning. He formed his hypothesis and carried out an experiment. John B. Watson’s classical condition experiment was on a child named Little Albert....   [tags: ivan pavlov,child's emotions,operant conditioning]

Better Essays
982 words (2.8 pages)

Essay about The Father Of Operant Conditioning

- Although Burrhus Frederic Skinner is known as “The father of operant conditioning” there were other scientists who contributed to his theory of behaviorism. Edward Thorndike and Ivan Pavlov were two researchers whose findings influenced the founding of behaviorism by John B. Watson. All of their influences and research contributed to B.F. Skinner`s theory of behaviorism and formulation of operant conditioning. Edward Thorndike is known as one of the most influential researchers in the development of animal psychology....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Behaviorism, Ivan Pavlov]

Better Essays
1105 words (3.2 pages)

Behaviorism, Classical Conditioning, And Observational Learning Essay

- Behaviorism known as learning theory states that the reason why people think, act, and feel the way they do is because they learned it. John Watson in 1913 started this movement claiming that learning wasn’t just about our neutrons or your genes. It’s believed that all behavior is learned from surrounding behaviors and behavior is a result of stimulus and response. Behaviorism is also scientific but ignores biology, it has many experiments to support its theories and is highly applicable in therapy....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning]

Better Essays
963 words (2.8 pages)

Essay about Maslow 's Theory Of Behaviorism

- One of the initial factors that could have contributed to the development of behaviorism was the work of Wundt and other psychologists of this time period. The focus on introspection may have been a catalyst for another way to understand how people interact and function. As researchers began to realize that a lot about human behavior could be understood without time intensive introspection, they began to move toward a more behaviorist mentality (Hergenhahn & Henley, 2014). Objective psychology in Russia paralleled many of behaviorisms concepts, but although the work of Sechenov and Pavlov was similar, it was not as demarcated as Watson’s subsequent definition....   [tags: Behaviorism, Operant conditioning]

Better Essays
1051 words (3 pages)

John B. Watson 's Theory Essay

- Behaviourist such as John B. Watson believes that our live style is influenced by our own environment, that what we are, is as a result of what we have learnt from the environment. He presumed that, our learning from the environment is through two main behaviourist processes called classical and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning includes learning by association supported by the Russian psychologist Ivan Pavlov, who associated the salivating of the dog for food to the ringing of the bell, thereby conditioning the dog in learning new behaviour (natural response and neutral stimuli)....   [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]

Better Essays
1648 words (4.7 pages)