“Change will not come if we wait for some other person or some other time. We are the ones we’ve been waiting for. We are the change that we seek.” Because of the failure of the government in late Qing period, government officers and citizens noticed that they should have reforms or changes in order to make their nation be better. Moreover, since Qing’s army was defeated in the First Sino Japanese War unexpectedly, people from all walks of life also astounded with the rising of Japan. Consequently, officers suggested an idea of “Chinese learning for substance, Western learning for practical application.” to strengthen the country. In addition, Japan was one of the countries which China tried to learn from them in those years. In the following paragraphs, I am going to examine how the Japan influenced the political development of China from the 1900s to the 1930s in different perspectives.
Firstly, I would like to discuss the influence of Japan through the Hundred Days’ Reform . Since the crushing defeat in the First Sino Japanese War, it showed that limited and superficial self-strengthening reforms were not enough to overcome the obstacles that China was facing. Therefore some scholars initiated to convince that more changes should be carried out. Kong Youwei was one of scholars who suggested a programme of reform. He noticed that the reason why Japanese could have such an achievement was due to the Meji Restoration . As a result, Kong Yauwei believed that Japan was a suitable model for China to learn at that time. The contents of the Hundred Days’ Reform were established based on the details of Meji Restoration. The changing of the political system obviously showed the impact of Japan on China. As the failure of Qing Dynast...
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Spence, Jonathan D. The Gate of Heavenly Peace: The Chinese and Their Revolution, 1895-1980. New York: Viking, 1981. Print.
Zhu, Yitian. Kang Youwei De Gai Ge Si Xiang Yu Mingzhi Riben. Shanghai: Shanghai Ren Min Chu Ban She, 2011. Print.
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