The Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor and Subsequent American Attacks on Japan

The Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor and Subsequent American Attacks on Japan

Length: 876 words (2.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

During the morning of December 7th, 1941, Japan brutally launched a surprise attack on America that would commence four years of unforgiving battles between America and Japan. Before the attack occurred, Japan had written a 5000 word paper describing their intents and hinting that an attack was imminent, it was basically an informal declaration of war. This paper was called the 14-part message; the first half of the message was delivered to America the day before the attack began. The second half reached America at approximately 9am the morning of the attack, the message generally stated that all diplomatic relations tied between the United States and Japan would be broken off. An hour later, American officials intercept another Japanese message instructing Japanese forces to deliver the message to the Unites States at noon, Japanese time, which is hours ahead of the American time. American officials alert commanders at Pearl Harbor through commercialized telegraph because the radio communications was temporarily disabled. This message did not reach the Harbor until hours after the attack was completed. At 6am in the morning, 183 Japanese aircraft take off and approach Pearl Harbor. An hour and fifteen minutes after the first wave departed, the second wave of 167 took off. The Americans did spot the fleet on radar but believed that they were friendly planes that were scheduled to land. Being a Sunday morning, officers were leisurely taking it easy with low caution. At 7:53 the attack began, 183 bombers bombed all American battleships with no end in sight. An hour later, the second wave attacked. At 9:55 the attack was over and the Japanese left the Harbor as quickly as they came, leaving behind 2403 dead, including 68 civilians, 1...


... middle of paper ...


... would hold off hundreds of soldiers at a time. Despite the large casualties, America was able to split the island into two sections. On the second day, the Americans attacked Mount Suribachi, a key strategic position on Iwo Jima. The Americans would slowly take over the island. After a horrifying month on the island, the Americans surrounded the Japanese in the most northerly corner of the island. On March 16th, the island was captured by the Americans. After the bloody fight the Americans lost 6891 men, this was little compared to the Japanese. Out of the 22,000 Japanese soldiers, only 212 were taken prisoner. From this battle, the Americans learnt how the Japanese fought, many horrifying stories of inhumane tortures or brutal killings were told by American soldiers. These stories fueled the hatred to Japan and made the decision to drop the atomic bombs much easier.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Foreign Policy And Intelligence Failures During The Pearl Harbour Attack

- Abdullatif Alasfour/@01396922 Professor John Rogers POL 1013-007 Phase Three Essay Exam 12-11-2015 Foreign Policy and Intelligence Failures during the Pearl Harbour Attack The Pearl Harbour attack is among the most famous disasters relating to American foreign policy and military history. The December 7th, 1941 attack sunk a fleet of ships including eighteen operations warships, one hundred and eighty-eight aircraft, four battleships and more than twenty-four hundred Americans died in the attack....   [tags: World War II, Attack on Pearl Harbor]

Better Essays
999 words (2.9 pages)

Essay about The Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor

- On December 7, 1941 -- the day that will always be commemorated as “the date which will live in infamy” by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt -- the Japanese unexpectedly attacked the United States’ naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. This crippling attack caused many American casualties, and American citizens quickly became filled with fury and abhorrence; the detestation that swallowed the hearts of the American citizens was shown through President Roosevelt’s expeditious appeal to Congress to declare war against Japan....   [tags: Pearl Harbor Attack]

Better Essays
1405 words (4 pages)

Japanese Attack On Pearl Harbor Essay

- Two months after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, in the grievances of the loss of American folks in Hawaii, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued the Executive Order 9066, demanding the departure of all persons of Japanese descent living on the West Coast and their relocation into camps under strict military scrutiny. Those who refuse to follow would be convicted and arrested. There was no exception; even veterans fought for World War I, who should have been warriors not villains, were not excluded....   [tags: Japanese American internment]

Better Essays
1260 words (3.6 pages)

Japanese Attack On Pearl Harbour Essay

- Explain the reasons for the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour and its impact. The decision that should Japan have had attacked Pearl Harbour has divided many historians and it is still debated today. Pearl Harbour was a strategic point, located on the Hawaiian island of Oahu. Its strategic point would have indefinitely helped the Empire of Japan in succeeding world domination. As well as this Pearl harbour was a suitable location for an offence, to seize the US from interfering with Japans expanding Empire....   [tags: United States, Attack on Pearl Harbor]

Better Essays
1525 words (4.4 pages)

The Day Pearl Harbor Was Attacked By The Japanese Army Essay

- Some might remember what happened on December 7, 1941 it was the day Pearl Harbor was attacked by the Japanese army. Roosevelt who was president during World War II knew, about the possibility of an attack on Pearl Harbor, but he did nothing to prevent it. Instead he provoked the Japanese army to attack first so the U.S could join the war against them, Germany, and Italy. Pearl Harbor sustained a lot of damage such as eighteen vessels sunk or heavily damaged ,many planes destroyed , and over 2,000 service men killed do to FDR’s plan idea to go to war against Germany....   [tags: World War II, Attack on Pearl Harbor]

Better Essays
1160 words (3.3 pages)

Japanese Internment After Pearl Harbor Essay

- On December 7,1941 Japan raided the airbases across the islands of Pearl Harbour. The “sneak attack” targeted the United States Navy. It left 2400 army personnel dead and over a thousand Americans wounded. U.S. Navy termed it as “one of the great defining moments in history”1 President Roosevelt called it as “A Day of Infamy”. 2 As this attack shook the nation and the Japanese Americans became the immediate ‘focal point’. At that moment approximately 112,000 Persons of Japanese descent resided in coastal areas of Oregon, Washington and also in California and Arizona.3 A large number of Japanese initially migrated to Hawaii in the late 18th and early 19th century as a result of enormous boom...   [tags: Japanese Internment Camps]

Better Essays
2439 words (7 pages)

The Attack On Pearl Harbor Essay

- The Attack on Pearl Harbor The attack on Pearl Harbor was one of the biggest offenses on the United States of America and was the trigger for the United States to jump into War World II. The United States had been in a period of isolation for the duration of the war up until the point of the attack. The Japanese had been making advances in the Pacific which was making the Roosevelt administration very uncomfortable. On the day of the attack more than just the harbor was attacked, from air fields to bases the island of Oahu was busted up....   [tags: Attack on Pearl Harbor, World War II]

Better Essays
1695 words (4.8 pages)

Essay about The Attack On Pearl Harbor

- The attack on Pearl Harbor was one of the biggest offenses on the United States of America and was the trigger for the United States to jump into War World II. The United States had been in a period of isolation for the duration of the war up until the point of the attack. The Japanese had been making advances in the Pacific which was making the Roosevelt administration very uncomfortable. On the day of the attack more than just the harbor was attacked, from air fields to bases the island of Oahu was busted up....   [tags: Attack on Pearl Harbor, World War II]

Better Essays
1690 words (4.8 pages)

Bombing Of Pearl Harbor Attack Essay

- On December 07th 1941 at 0755 hours the entire US Pacific Fleet that included 18 US Ships, 300 airplanes and 42,000 Sailors and Soldiers) moored and stationed at Pearl Harbor, Honolulu Hawaii was abruptly awaken and forced into war by Japanese aerial and naval forces. As the United States had already demonstrated their opposition to Japan’s territory expansion plans into China and Manchuria by openly and directly imposing embargos and blockades that Japan understood it as an obstacle to their economy plans and an act of war against their military forces....   [tags: World War II, Attack on Pearl Harbor]

Better Essays
1065 words (3 pages)

The Attack On Pearl Harbor Essay

- Early Sunday morning December 7, 1941 the empire of Japan launched a surprise attack on American soil at Pearl Harbor. A date that will forever be remembered through history as the facts speak for themselves. The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military attack that was carried out by the imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The attack was the result in the leading of the United States as a nation to enter World War II. The intention Japan purposely planned this action was because the United States was an interference due to the fact that the United States had an important political and economic interest in east Asia....   [tags: World War II, Attack on Pearl Harbor]

Better Essays
914 words (2.6 pages)