1. Locations and Geography:
Japan is located on the east coast of Asia. It consists of over 6,852 islands with four main islands: Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku. Almost 80% of Japan’s population lives on Honshu Island. Japan is the sixty-second largest country based on the area measurement, and it is comparable to the state of California. It consists of a coastline, which is 29,751 kilometers in length without any land boundary. The climate varies, with the dominant climates ranging from temperate to subtropical; it is possible for snow to be falling in Hokkaido Island and to have warm temperatures in Okinawa at the same time. As Japan lies in the Pacific ‘region of fire’, the country is highly prone to tsunamis, earthquakes, and volcanoes; Japan has about 108 active volcanoes. The following table summarizes information on the geography of Japan:
Longitude Latitude Length Number of Islands Population Area
122 degree W
146 degree E 24 degree S
46 degree N 29,751 Km
374,834 km2 Land
3,091 km2 Water
The demographic structure of the population consists of population density, religious associations, ethnicity, citizen health, economic status, and other characteristics of the population. When the population of Japan reached to 127,076,183 in 2009, the country became the tenth most occupied nation in the world. Japan also experienced net loss in population over a couple of years, because of the falling birth rates and low immigration. The distribution of the population is as follows: 13% are 0-14 years old, 63.3% are 15-64 years and 23.7% are 65 years and over. Due to a longer life expectancy, the elderly population is increasing. In 2009, approximately 1.7% of the total pop...
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...e awareness amongst the public about preventive measures of common diseases; they also increase knowledge about life and death. The government pays for most of health expenditures through the funding received from social health contributions. Based on the data of 2009 provided by World Health Organization, 37.5% of the total health expenditures are covered by the government, 48.6% by social health insurance, and 13.9% from individual payments.
10. Additional Information:
The Center for Disease Control (the CDC) mentions that a potential risk for travellers in Japan is Encephalitis. The “Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus is the leading cause of vaccine-preventable encephalitis in Asia and the western Pacific.” As there is no treatment available for this disease, people are encouraged to prevent themselves from mosquito bites and get a vaccination before they travel!
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