Essay on Jacques Rousseau 's The Social Contract

Essay on Jacques Rousseau 's The Social Contract

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Jean- Jacques Rousseau’s “The Social Contract” was published in 1762 and caused much controversy in France during the French Revolution. Rousseau was a famous philosophical thinker during the Enlightenment in the eighteenth century. Due to his time period it is said the Rousseau is an Enlightenment Thinker; however, some of his ideas do not align with that of an Enlightenment Thinker. Rousseau was the kind of philosopher who applied philosophical reasoning to ethics and politics, and one approach to that was describing human beings when they are in a natural state. Rousseau was influenced by the modern natural law tradition which wanted to answer the challenge of skepticism, but through a systematic approach to human nature. The main purpose of Rousseau creating “The Social Contract” was to create a work that outlines how a government that protects that equality of people and their individuality could exist. The intent of Rousseau creating this was to show how a government should be ran in favor of the people and still have a structure. Rousseau was trying to create what could be a perfect Utopian society with a well structured government and equality for all people. Through his explicit ideas about different types of government, the people, laws, etc. readers are able to identify how “The Social Contract” is a guidance to the perfect society. Rousseau’s “The Social Contract” exhibits what is necessary to create a systematic society with equality for all of its people.
Written during a time of Enlightenment thinking, Rousseau’s “The Social Contract” is said to have sparked the French Revolution. The French Revolution was a time where French citizens redesigned their country’s political landscape and escaped century old tradition...


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... that states must receive early in existence so that they will be used to it and are less likely to rebel. If a state is already established they are less likely to conform to the rules made by the lawgivers. All laws should commit to the principles of freedom and equality for all citizens. There are four classes of laws which are political laws, civil laws, criminal laws, and morals, customs, and beliefs of the people. Political laws determine the relationship the body politic has with itself. Civil laws deal with individuals in relation with each other or with the body politic as a whole. Criminal laws deal with cases where law is broken and lastly morals, customs, beliefs of the people determine the quality of the people and the success of the more rigid laws. With the idea of laws it allows for an organized society, but also still ensures equality of all people.

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