Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis and her Effect of Race Relations

Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis and her Effect of Race Relations

Length: 980 words (2.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Jackie’s Effect On Race

Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis has been placed among saints in Stanley Crouch’s eyes. He associates her with some of the most influential people the world has known. He places her among the ranks of Mahalia Jackson, Bessie Smith, and the Virgin Mary, whom have all had significant effects on race relations. Stanley Crouch grew up in the slum area of Los Angeles, California (Lamb 2). Despite the fact that he is an African American, Stanley fought his way out of poverty to become one of the most famed black jazz critics and foremost authors of many influential speeches and papers. He tells in "Blues for Jackie," how Jackie Kennedy has influenced race relations and the connection she had with the domestics with whom he grew up. It is, in part, because of Jackie and the other individuals with which she is compared, that there are stronger ties between blacks and whites. Without the Jackie Kennedys and Bessie Smiths, the world's pool of racial suppression would be full of sewage.

Growing up on the Mississippi River among six siblings, Mahalia Jackson knew what it was like to be racially secluded. She was reared by her father who was a minister and was singing in his choir at the age of five. In her early teen years she worked as a launderer and also as a housekeeper, but she dreamed of one day becoming a nurse ("New" 1). Mahalia began traveling throughout the Midwest to sing at different Baptist Churches. Her popularity began to soar, and she signed a record deal to become "the only Negro whom Negroes have made famous," as the African American press described her ("New" 2). She was inspired by Bessie Smith. When she worked as a servant, she said "when the old people weren’t home and I’d be scrubbin’ the floor, I’d turn on a Bessie Smith record to make the work go faster" ("New" 1). Mahalia would not stop at just being a famous gospel singer. She had her own radio program and television show that aired on CBS. She went on to manage several businesses and become involved in real estate. She preceded Dr. Martin Luther King in the civil rights movement before he gave his famous "I Have A Dream" speech.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis and her Effect of Race Relations." 123HelpMe.com. 27 Jun 2019
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=154492>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis Essay

- Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis Jacqueline Lee Bouvier was born on July 28th, 1929 in East Hampton, Long Island. Jacqueline’s mother was Janet Lee Bouvier, a highly ambitious horseback rider. Jacqueline was nicknamed "Jackie" after her father, Jack Bouvier. Young Jackie’s parents were a very well off coupled. Her father had an estimated fortune of 7 million dollars and Janet came from a wealthy family also, her father had been chairman of the board of Chase National Bank. Asides for the Bouviers wealth, the other thing they were most noted for was their beauty, Jack in particular....   [tags: Biography Biographies Bio Jackie Kennedy Essays]

Research Papers
1741 words (5 pages)

Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis - An American Icon Essay

- An American Icon “…[Jacqueline] might almost have been a movie star. Her picture appeared on countless magazine covers, and ‘the Jackie look’ was widely imitated” (Gerston 53). She has been known to be one of the most glamorous first ladies there ever was, and women across America wanted to emulate her style, grace and strength due to the admiration many held for her. Despite Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis’ elite yet turbulent childhood, she became an American icon who influenced women through her ability to persevere and stay true to herself, accomplishing the American Dream along the way. Onassis was born in the 1920’s in Southampton, Long Island, New York to John Vernou Bouvier III, a Wall...   [tags: Biography]

Research Papers
1679 words (4.8 pages)

Essay on A Brief Biography of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis

- ... The wedding was called the social event of the season, and about 700 guests attended the ceremony with 1,200 at the reception.6 Although the two celebrated their honeymoon and enjoyed each other as newlyweds, they faced a great number of setbacks behind the closed doors. Jack Kennedy suffered from Addison’s Disease (endocrine problems) and horrible back pain due to a war injury. He underwent two surgeries which were almost fatal. Jackie suffered from a miscarriage in 1955, and in August 1956 gave birth to a stillborn daughter who would have been named Arabella....   [tags: notorious American first ladies]

Research Papers
2078 words (5.9 pages)

Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis Essay

- Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, was the widow of John F. Kennedy the 35th President of the United States of America and of Aristotle S. Onassis, a Greek businessman. Jackie was constantly in the spotlight during her years as First Lady and afterward, we admired her self-possession over things, beauty, and grace. She was known to the public as “Jackie,” and in her later years as “Jackie O” after she remarried Mr. Onassis. Jacqueline Lee Bouvier was born in Southampton, N.Y., on July 28, 1929....   [tags: Biography First Lady Biographies Essays]

Research Papers
703 words (2 pages)

Essay about Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis

- Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis “Every moment one lives is different from the other. The good, the bad, the hardship, the joy, the tragedy, love, and happiness are all interwoven into one single indescribable whole that is called life. You cannot separate the good from the bad. And perhaps there is no need to do so, either.” Does any one know what intelligent, strong, and classy women who said that quote. Well, the wife of John F. Kennedy said it. Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis did go through “the good, the bad, the hardship, the joy, the tragedy, love, and happiness” during the sixty-four years of her life....   [tags: First Lady Biography Hero Essays Jackie]

Research Papers
846 words (2.4 pages)

Essay about Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis

- Jaqcueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onasis Jackie Kennedy was the wife of John F. Kennedy, 35th president of the United States. Jackie Kennedy was known for her sense of style and elegance. Her second husband , Aristotle Onasis, was one of the wealthiest men in the world. Jackie was of a wealthy and socially prominent family. She studied at Vassar College and George Washington University. She graduated in 1951. For two years she worked as a photographer and a columnist for the Washington Times Herald, until her marriage in September 1953 to senator John F....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
423 words (1.2 pages)

The Inspiring Effect Of John F. Kennedy 's Address Essay

- The Inspiring Effect of John F. Kennedy’s Address On January 20th, 1961, U.S. President, John F. Kennedy delivered his most famous oratory work. At a critical moment of American history, John F. Kennedy was elected as the thirty-fifth president of the United States. Kennedy was elected at a time of great turmoil in not only the United States, but also the world. With communism spreading throughout the world 's nations and dangerous weapons being manufactured by the world 's great powers, the citizens of the United States were looking for a leader....   [tags: United States, Cold War, John F. Kennedy]

Research Papers
1270 words (3.6 pages)

The Life of Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis - A Positive Role Model for Women

- Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis was an inspirational role model for women of her time. She was always seen as a fashionable classy lady, dressed in designer clothing and pearl jewelry. Her elegant and simple style made her a beautiful lady. But when the time came, Jackie was facing serious things in her life: she had a lot of schooling ahead, after which she would become the wife of the president, and later face a tragic end as the First Lady. But despite all the chaos, she was able to handle things on her own....   [tags: biography]

Research Papers
607 words (1.7 pages)

The Legacy Of John F. Kennedy Essay

- Whittle 1 From the murdering of American leaders to the protesting of American traditions, the 1960s is a decade that left its mark on the world. In the early 1960s the popular John F. Kennedy was elected president and, shortly after, he was murdered. Lyndon B. Johnson assumed the position. Many brave Americans fought for African American’s rights as well as women’s rights. Also, the Soviet Union and the United States competed for advances in space during the Cold War. The 1960s is an important decade filled with many monumental events that helped shape America into the country it is today....   [tags: Lyndon B. Johnson, United States, John F. Kennedy]

Research Papers
1343 words (3.8 pages)

Essay about Jacque Onassis

- JACQUELINE LEE BOUVIER KENNEDY ONASSIS Jackie Kennedy will always be remembered for her courage after her husband’s death. Few people know what her life was actually like. In this paper I hope to inform you about the good and bad times of Jackie’s long and at some times treacherous life. Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis was born July 28, 1929. She was the oldest of two daughters born to Janet and Jack Bouvier . She grew up with her parents fighting constantly. Only months after her sister was born her parents got a divorce....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Free Essays
1115 words (3.2 pages)

She battled high blood pressure and heart disease, finally dying in 1972. She touched the lives of blacks and whites alike through her singing. She was a wonderful role model for blacks during this time. She showed her courage by breaking the mold and becoming a famous black woman. Her courage is similar to that of Jackie Kennedy’s. Both of these women were looked up to by blacks for many reasons, Jackie for her grace, warmth, and heart and Mahalia for her purity, grit, and the will to fight for equal rights.

Another influential woman compared to Jackie is Bessie Smith. Bessie was thought to be the "Mother of the Blues." She lived during a time that was fueled by racism. The Ku Klux Klan and Jim Crow Laws had a major role in the suppression of the black race during her years. She was born in Chattanooga, Tennessee, in 1894 ("Blue" 1). Her mother and father died before she reached her teen years. She was reared by her older sister, but it was her oldest brother, Clarence, who had the most influence on her life. With his help she learned to sing and dance, which she did on street corners for pennies passers by would give her. She did this until she signed a record contract with Columbia Records. Her career took off in the South despite the fact that she led an extreme lifestyle that included, drinking, fighting, and bizarre sexual encounters with both genders. In 1935, while driving with her lover Richard Morgan through Clarksdale, Mississippi, their car struck and oncoming truck. Her arm was dismembered, and she bled to death ("Blue" 2). She and Jackie each had family members they loved taken from them. Jackie had a miscarriage, a son die of premature birth, and her husband’s intelligence splattered across her lap. Bessie had her parents taken from her at an early age. These two women lead very different social lives. Jackie was eating dinner at the White House while Bessie was fornicating in a motel somewhere, but despite their differences they were both looked up to by Stanley Crouch’s domestics.

Further in the essay, the connections Stanley Crouch makes between Jackie Kennedy and the Virgin Mary can be seen. The Virgin Mary was the unbroken mother of Jesus Christ. She was not only a virgin, but more importantly she was without sin. She is seen as a saint by many and a mother figure by almost everyone connected to Christian belief. Honored by both races, she is seen in many statues holding the limp sacred body of her son Jesus Christ. Jackie is often remembered as holding her husband's brains in her hands after his life was stolen from him. The courage that Jackie showed at her husband's funeral and the way she handled her entire life filled with death enables Stanley Crouch to compare Jackie to the Virgin Mary.
The lives of these four human beings have differed enormously in almost every aspect from social class to occupation. However, parallels and similarities in their lives all point to their amazing ability not only to become a role model, but also to inspire those who are willing to listen. Their inspiration has shaped the many improvements in past racial issues and will certainly provide a guide for future racial issues.

Works Cited

Blue Flame Café. Bessie Smith. 27 Jun. 1998 .
New Orleans Online. Mahalia Jackson. 25 Jun. 1998 .
Lamb, Bryan. Booknotes, Americans finest authors on Reading, Writing, and the Power or Ideas. 1997. National Cable Satellite Corp. 27 Jun. 1998 .
Return to 123HelpMe.com