Jackie Robinson and The Integration Of The United States Essay

Jackie Robinson and The Integration Of The United States Essay

Length: 1698 words (4.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Jackie Robinson: athlete, social activist, hero. These are just some of the words people use to describe Jackie. Robinson was the first person to break the color barrier in Major League Baseball, at the time officially designated a white man’s sport. The blacks and whites played in separate leagues but Branch Rickey, vice president of the Brooklyn Dodgers, wanted to integrate Major League Baseball. At this time in the 1940s the Unites States was still segregated and the Jim Crow Laws still reigned heavily in the south. Integration didn’t start until 1948 when Truman signed Executive Order 9981 which integrated the military. This didn’t occur until after Robinson took the field as the first African-American to play in the major leagues. Once Robinson started playing, whites saw that he could do anything as well as they could, which started a social revolution within the United States. If it hadn’t been for Branch Rickey trying to integrate the major leagues, who knows how long it would have been before the U.S. and the major leagues started to integrate.
Jackie Robinson grew up with sports all around him. Jackie’s older brother Matthew was an Olympic sprinter in the 1936 Olympics in Berlin; he came in second in the 200 meter dash behind Jesse Owens. “Matthew inspired Jackie to pursue his talent and love for athletics (Robinson)”. Jackie continued his love for sports at the University of California, Los Angeles. Robinson became the university’s first four sport letterman. He excelled in track, baseball, football and basketball. If it was not for his brother Robinson might not have continued his love for sports, thus never playing in the major leagues and the integration of the United States might have taken longer. He was easi...

... middle of paper ...

...play in the major leagues and Robinson broke baseball’s color barrier and people started realizing the questionable practices of segregation wanting the United States to change and accept blacks into everyday life.

Works Cited

“Jackie Robinson.” 2010. Biography.com 2010. Web 14 Nov 2010.
“Breaking the Color Line: 1940-1946” memory.loc.gov 2010. Web 13 Nov 2010.
Brunner, Borgna, and Elissa Haney. “Civil Rights Timeline.” Infoplease.com 2007. Web. 13 Nov 2010.
Dawson, George, and Richard Glaubman. “Life Is So Good.” New York; Penguin, 2001. Print.
Carroll, Brian. “Early Twentieth-Century Heroes: Coverage of Negro League Baseball in the Pittsburgh Courier and the Chicago Defender.” Journalism History 32.1(2006): 34-43. Web. 14 Nov 2010.
Mackenzie, Dewitt. “Branch Rickey picks a player.” The South East Missourian. 14 Apr, 1947. Web. 29 Nov, 2010.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Integration of African Americans and Caucasians Essay

- Dr. Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, and Rosa are the names famously and commonly associated with the integration of the African Americans and Caucasians. Even though they were all great figures, Jackie Robinson played an important role, also. He helped pave a way for integration. Jackie Robinson’s determination and fight lead him to become one of the greatest iconic figures of mankind with highlights of integrity and excellence. Before Jackie Robinson became the legend and civil rights difference maker that he is known as today, he lived through hardship like other African Americans during his time....   [tags: jackie robinson, Malcom x, Rosa, Luther king]

Powerful Essays
1547 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on The Line Leaping Legend: Jackie Robinson

- Was Jackie Robinson the African American epitome of Babe Ruth, or was he more. Jack Roosevelt Robinson was born on January 31, 1919 in Georgia. Subsequently, he became a symbol for change and a warrior for equality. For instance, similar to Katniss Everdeen from the movie series The Hunger Games, Robinson fought for the rights of the people, from an unjust government rule, “Robinson's integration of baseball was a major blow to segregation everywhere, causing other racial barriers to fall”(Wormser)....   [tags: African-Americans in baseball]

Powerful Essays
1265 words (3.6 pages)

More than a Baseball Player: Jackie Robinson Essay

- Whack. This is the sound that several Americans heard when watching Jackie Robinson make his debut with the Brooklyn Dodgers April 10, 1947 (Griffin).When people think of the first major black athlete in American History, they may think of Jackie Robinson. Jackie was one of many various African American people to assist in the reform of our culture. Black athletes were treated unfairly in the 1960s; however, they played a major role in the desegregation of the south, and they helped change the way America is today....   [tags: biography, african american player]

Powerful Essays
1103 words (3.2 pages)

How did Jackie Robinson Overcome Racial Discrimination in Sports Essay

- Have you ever been protested and demonstrated against. Jackie Robinson felt the outcry of America during his baseball career. Fighting not only for his future, but also for the overall well-being of his sport, Robinson received death threats for his efforts. On a daily basis, this disciplined African man fought the pressures of hatred toward his entire race. As a segregated country, America saw major league baseball as a white man’s sport. Robinson was the outlier in an otherwise American “tradition.” Society observed Robinson’s play on the field with extremely bias eyes....   [tags: baseball, color barrier, sports racism]

Powerful Essays
1122 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Strides Toward Equality in Major League Baseball

- ... Louis Browns purchased Henry Thompson and Willard Brown from the Negro Leagues, in hopes of improving their last-place records “The St. Louis Gazette-Democrat called the move ‘an eyebrow-lifting experiment.’ Thompson and Brown became the first black teammates in the major leagues. The move provoked a mixed response in a city many considered part of the South” (“Crossing The Color Barrier: Jackie Robinson and the Men Who Integrated Major League Baseball”). In a conversation about Jackie Robinson’s influence on Martin Luther King Jr., Assistant Professor of History at the University of Missouri Kansas City Pellom McDaniels III, once stated that because of Robinson’s perseverance and stren...   [tags: Branch Rickey, Jackie Robinson, dodgers]

Powerful Essays
2868 words (8.2 pages)

Essay on Jackie Roosevelt Robinson's Life and Achievements

- “A life is not important except in the impact it has on other lives.” -Jack Roosevelt “Jackie” Robinson(Biography.com) On April 15,1947 Jackie Roosevelt Robinson broke the color barrier. When he stepped out on to Ebbets Field everyone didn't think he could last long. Jackie was born in Cairo Georgia on January 31,1919, he was the youngest out of five children. He attended John Muir High School. He continued his education at the University Of California, where he became the university’s first student to win four varsity letters in all different sports....   [tags: negro leagues, jackie robinson, baseball]

Powerful Essays
1437 words (4.1 pages)

Jackie Robinson Essay examples

- Jackie Robinson was born in Cairo. The year Jackie was born was 1919 to a family of farmers. His Mother name is Mallie Robinson. She raised Jackie and four other of her children. They were the only black family around and people gave them a hard time about living around them since they were the only black family on the block. Jackie was the very first black baseball player ever to join the white man’s league. Jackie Robinson started playing baseball in 1947. He was the first player who played in the black man league and joined the white man team....   [tags: Jackie Robinson Essay]

Powerful Essays
856 words (2.4 pages)

Jackie Robinson Essay

- Back Back Back Back Back and GONE. This is what people heard many times when Jackie Robinson was up to bat whether they liked it or not. Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier in the MLB in 1947 which changed the game of baseball forever (America’s). Jackie Robinson faced many hardships such as fans treating him harshly saying folderol while playing on the field, players treating him bad, and not having anywhere to sleep even though he was very athletic even at a very young age. Jackie Robinson was born on January 31, 1919....   [tags: Jackie Robinson Essay]

Powerful Essays
830 words (2.4 pages)

Integration in Major League Baseball Essays

- ... Jackie Robinson and Larry Doby were very determined to stick with the game they loved and to make a change. Thanks to their performance both on and off the ball field, “other owners began to seek talented black players, and by 1952, there were 150 black players in organized baseball” (Branch). Their “actions had repercussions far beyond the sports world” (Jim). The integration of baseball was an enormous smack in the face to all of segregation. Many racial barriers quickly tumbled down with the integration of baseball; restaurants, hotels, and stores removed their “white only” signs bringing blacks and whites together....   [tags: Jackie Robinson]

Powerful Essays
1029 words (2.9 pages)

Jackie Robinson Essay

- Jackie Robinson Jackie Robinson and integration are two phrases that cannot be segregated. Whether he liked it or not, he played the star role in the integration of society during the time that he played Major League Baseball with the Brooklyn Dodgers. His heroic journey that landed him in the Majors shows, “how integration has come to baseball and how it can be achieved in every corner of the land'; (Robinson 16). But this amazing triumph over the Jim Crow laws could only have been possible in New York as Robinson says, “Cooperstown, New York, and Birmingham, Alabama, are both in the Unites States....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Powerful Essays
1081 words (3.1 pages)