As seen in multitude of London's works, symbolism plays a major role in his writings. One of London's greatest works of short fiction, "To Build a Fire" is a prime example of this inclusion of the literary technique that is so crucial in so many of London's greatest stories. In this story fire is a major symbol, symbolizing life in a world of cold, the freezing Klondike. This symbol helps London to show his belief that to survive in nature one needs nature. This is a recurring symbol/theme in London's work, also appearing in "Law of Life." Here, an old Native American must harness fire to survive the harshness of the wild. When the old man's fire finally expires, as happens in "To Build a Fire", so too does the old man's life (Hamilton ). Along with the use of fire as a symbol in many of his stories, London uses the symbolic canine in the majority of his stories, including "To Build a Fire", "Law of Life", Call of the Wild, and White Fang among many other stories. In all of these stories some sort of canine, whether dog or wolf, appears, becoming a motif in the works of Jack London. London often uses these charac...
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...rporated into his masterful works the element of literature known as naturalism and joined other great American authors such as Stephen Crane and Theodore Dreiser in the sphere of great naturalistic writers.
The author of such tales as White Fang and Call of the Wild, Jack London incorporated in his writings man facets of literature that proved that a story could be both exciting and thought provoking at the same time. This was achieved through numerous ways, such as the use of symbolism as a driving force behind the highly naturalistic stories that London produced. Also, the use of very different intellectual ideas, such as those of Herbert Spencer and Carl Jung helped to maintain London's belief that exotic stories could be great in the world of literature and have a place beside other great works such as Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
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