The relationship between personality development and cognition is similar to a developmental timetable. Piaget’s Sensorimotor period happens during Freud’s Oral stage and Erikson’s Trust vs. Mistrust stage. The periods of these different stages are milestones in development. Extraversion, body weight, and alcoholism are just a few social and biological factors that can have a permanent impact on an individual. One's physical appearance can contribute to an outgoing “Extraversion” personality trait. If an individual is not socially accepted at an early age, they may withdraw and become an introvert. Another is one's body weight where the media places more emphasis on slender females and muscular males. In America, thin is beautiful. Adolescents and even children are going to the extremes of dieting, eating less, or becoming bulimic. It is biologically bad for an individual to be obese as it increases the risk of heart attacks and r...
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...ncludes their personality. The way an individual experiences the world and by the way they involve themselves is all in their own whether it is influenced by one’s environment, genetic make-up, or a little bit of both. Are twins the same when raised in the same environment? Are siblings the same when raised in the same environment? Personality is complex; one must not categorize it as a one-size-fits-all.
Bandura, A. (1973). Aggression. Englecliffs , NJ : Prentice-Hall.
Bandura, A. (1995). Self-Efficacy in Changing Societies. Cambridge University Press.
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Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at school. Cambridge , MA : Blackwell Publishers.
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