As villages grew into towns and towns into cities, the demand for manufactured products increased. The individual business owner and small workshop owner had difficulty keeping up with the demand of the items they produced. A faster, more efficient way to manufacture products inspired new technology and the need to create mills and factories, and these mills and factories needed a large work force. Before factories, the single business owner was an artisan or tradesman, making items by hand one at a time. He could take as much time and put as much care as he pleased into each item he produced all the while taking great pride in his work. If she had employees, she typically sat beside them or in close proximity to them. They would talk and work, sharing personal stories about their lives and family, probably becoming quite close, and in some cases, like members of the employer’s family (Clark, 2003).
With the advent of factories, the closeness and camaraderie the business owner had with their employees began to disintegrate. Employers were more worried about their bottom line and less with the welfare of their employees. There was no time to spend chatting about their lives and families, it was more important to produce their product faster and cheaper than their competition. The employer also needed t...
... middle of paper ...
...the 1840’s, New Hampshire and Pennsylvania passed laws establishing a ten-hour workday and Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Pennsylvania established laws limited the hours children could work. Unfortunately, these laws were mainly ignored because there was little effort to enforce them. The workers did not give up and eventually, unions would go on to fight for a fair workday, create child labor reform, and better working conditions (Brinkley, 2007) and (Clark, 2003).
Brinkley, A. (2007). American history: a survey: Volume 1 to 1877.
Clark, T; Smith, J; Ward, V; and Willman, B. (2003). A Day in the Life…People of the 19th Century. http://www.uni.edu/schneidj/webquests/adayinthelife/factorysystem.html
Montagna, J. (2009). The Industrial Revolution. Retrieved on May 31, 2009 from http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1981/2/81.02.06.x.html
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