The Issue Of Teen Pregnancy Essay

The Issue Of Teen Pregnancy Essay

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Teen pregnancy is one of the most controversial topics in the U.S. In most countries, young women have access to abortion. Nearly one million pregnancies have been reported annually in the United States. About 400,000 include minors under the age of 18, of which 41% terminate their pregnancy by considering abortions. Abortion is legal in the United States, but some states require parental notification in order to have this procedure done on minors. Nearly 7% of abortions in the United States is provided to minors. A majority of these young women state that their parents are aware of their decision. This research paper on teen pregnancy will focus on the prevention of unplanned pregnancies and the parental involvement laws.

Parental Involvement Laws
What is parental notification law?
Parental notification laws require that one or both parents must be notified before their child preforms an abortion. Since the Supreme Court’s decisions in Planned Parenthood of Central Missouri v. Danforth in 1976 and Bellotti v. Baird in 1979, it has been legal for states to require parental consent whenever a minor wants to get an abortion done (A. Dennis, 2009). The laws differentiate among the states, most states require the consent or notification of one parent at least 24 or 48 hours prior to the procedure. Many states require the consent of both parents, and six states allow other relatives, such as a grandparent to approve the procedure (A. Dennis, 2009). Today, thirty-two states require parent’s consent in order for an adolescent to have access to an abortion. Fifteen states on which enforces parental notification laws and 17 enforcing parental consent laws (Boonstra & Nash, 2000).

Issues Raised by Parental Involvement Laws
The purpose of p...


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...y methods can cause irregular bleeding, which can be uncomfortable for many teenage girls. There are also over the counter contraceptives that can be bought at a local pharmacy such as the Plan B pill also known as the morning after pill. This pill must be taken at least 78 hours after having unprotected sex. All of these methods can be very helpful for preventing teenage pregnancy and future abortions (Pediatric Drugs, 2006).
In conclusion, parents should be involved in the care of their children. Abortion should be legal only with parental consent. One may never know if a teenage girls gets raped and in cases like these, parents should know what is right and wrong for their child. In order to reduce abortions and unwanted pregnancies, based on the facts provided in this research paper, teenage girls should start using contraceptives as early in their teens.






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