The Issue Of Global Sanitation Essay

The Issue Of Global Sanitation Essay

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The issue of Global sanitation, specifically when pertaining to plumbing systems and access to proper toilets, is of primary concern amongst health experts and more recently, governments of developing nations, such as Indonesia and less developed areas of India. With limited sanitation networks, poor public health initiatives have negatively impacted economies, the standard of living within societies, the general health of populations, and death rates from preventable diseases due to feces-infected water supplies. Problems such as these were thought to have been dealt with during the 19th century era of industrialization, however developing nations are just beginning to industrialize and undergo urbanization. Observable parallels between modern third world countries and initial historical records of 19th century industrialization allow health experts to identify the primary reasons as to why developing nations with poor economies are unable to address health problems, caused by lack of sanitation, despite its importance to society as whole (Konteh, 2009). As described by Adam Yamaguchi in the documentary, the toilet is recognized by public health experts as “one of the most important breakthroughs of the last 150 years, responsible for dramatically reducing disease and death” in the fight for global sanitation. However, in many parts of the world, it is not recognized as a priority in achieving modernized sanitation in nations’ water supplies, but rather seen as having a direct correlation to one’s social status, success, and overall health (Yamaguchi, 2010). It is hoped that this perspective within developing nations will encourage the improvement of global sanitation initiatives to create clean and safe toilets and effective sta...

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...phic and economic disparities between communities (WHO, 2015, pp. 2-4). As stated earlier, financial capabilities for maintinance, implementation of national sanitation initiatives from SouthEast Asian governments, and total elimination of the practice of open defection still need to be accomplished. Despite these hindrances, quality and availability standards have been established by newly-created providers in SouthEast Asia, but standards can vary amongst separate countries. In regards to sanitation, water treatment services are constantly monitered according to quality and availablility. “Overall, more countries in the South-East Asia Region have developed a full cycle of monitoring, reporting and corrective action for drinking-water than for sanitation” which is a step in the right direction in comparison to where efforts initially began (WHO, 2015, pp. 2-4,6-7).

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