Isolationism : A Policy Of Abstaining From Economic And Political Relations With Other Countries

Isolationism : A Policy Of Abstaining From Economic And Political Relations With Other Countries

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Isolationism is “a policy of abstaining from economic and political relations with other countries” (Smith). An isolationist is “a politician who thinks the Republic ought to pursue a policy of political isolation” (McDougall 40). After its founding on July 4, 1776, the United States of America practiced this policy in order to keep itself out of foreign affairs. But it was not called this until the late Save for its trading with other countries, the United States followed the ideas that isolationism promoted. However, it was clear that in the 1900s that the U.S. was starting to turn away from the policy of isolationism. The presidents could no longer be isolationists according to the true definition. They became involved World War I after the German U-boats began its campaign of unrestricted warfare, which was about two years after the U.S. warned them to cease their use of U-boats in response to the attack on the British liner, the RMS Lusitania. They joined World War II after the surprise attack by the Japanese Navy on the American naval base at Pearl Harbor. But after the Second World War, the United States enacted a long line of foreign policies that shunned isolationism. This was evident as the U.S. joined the Southern Vietnamese Army of the Republic of Viet Nam (ARVN) against the communist People’s Army of Vietnam of North Korea (PAVN). When Republican President Richard Nixon was finally able to pull the last of the American soldiers out of Vietnam, it was hoped that the U.S. would try to stay out of conflict, and revert back to a more isolationist approach. Notwithstanding, the Vietnam War, for the most part, did not signal the return to a foreign policy of isolationism; rather, save for majority of the actions in the Far ...

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... did not return to an isolationist foreign policy as its intent was to ease the foreign relations between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R., a concept that is foreign to an isolationist frame of mind as one in this ideology would not attempt to maintain such relations internationally.
A final event that shows that the U.S. did not return to an isolationist foreign policy after its participation in the Vietnam War was Reagan’s Address at the Brandenburg Gate near the Berlin Wall. The speech in which Reagan famously asked General Secretary Gorbachev to “tear down this wall!” was an attempt to convince Soviet leaders to take down the Berlin Wall (Ratnesar 7). This shows a non-isolationist policy as the President was fighting for the freedom of West Berlin, an action that an isolationist would not have done if he desired to properly adhere to the principles of isolationism.

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