The Islamic State Of Iraq And Syria Essays

The Islamic State Of Iraq And Syria Essays

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Abu Musab al-Zarqawi founded Jama’at al-Tawhid w’al-Jihad in 1999, which is the forerunner to the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (Ghosh 2014). For the first few years of its existence, it was not very active, then after the 2003 United States invasion of Iraq it became active with car and suicide bombings, attacks against Shiites, and beheadings (Ghosh). In 2004, it pledged allegiance to al-Qaeda and became known as al-Qaeda in Iraq, in 2006, the United States killed founder Abu Musab al-Zarqawi (Ghosh). Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi took command later and renamed the organization Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or ISIS (Ghosh). Since the 2011 protest in Syria erupted into the Civil War, ISIS has become more active in Eastern Syria. In February 2014, al-Qaeda broke affiliation with ISIS; in June 2014, ISIS captured Mosul including approximately $500 million from the Central Bank of Iraq, which has been a main source of revenue, ISIS also proclaimed it a worldwide caliphate, and claims of territory throughout the Muslim world (McCoy 2014). Since then they launched an offensive against central Iraq around Baghdad, which was going successful until an international counterattack pushed them back. Now the Iraqi Army with international support is recapturing most of the areas close to Baghdad most recently Tikrit, an expected operation to liberate Mosul with ground forces is to begin soon. In Syria, the Kurdish forces have gained ground in the area surrounding Kobanî, and in the northeastern Syria. Despite losing ground, ISIS still has a lot of area still under their control, so it is likely they will remain a major force in Syria and Iraq for some time.
The early leadership of ISIS was mainly from people who had a similar view to them and al-...


... middle of paper ...


... operating in Western Iraq but not a major threat, as long as the Iraqi government is not anti-Sunni. The Syrian group may be a problem for the United States if the Syrian Civil War last for several more years, because the Syrian part of ISIS may become more like a political party that operates within Syria after the Civil War ends. Because right now it looks like the only way the Syrian Civil War will end is through a negotiated settlement, which would need ISIS to be a member and result in ISIS of Syria becoming like HAMAS of Palestine. As ISIS is degraded, it is likely people from other nations, which came to fight for ISIS will desert and go back to their home countries. This could result in them going to nations with insurgencies like Afghanistan, Nigeria or Yemen and fight in one them or start a new organization which could cause problems for the United States.

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