Sharia is commonly understood to be a set of rules given by Allah. These laws given by Allah extend through social, political and personal life. Like the Hebrew Torah, Sharia gives direction to how one is to conduct oneself in daily activities towards Allah and towards others. Since Islam 's origin in 610 A.D. the world has changed drastically. Due to this change, the law must also develop over time. Sharia has its foundation in three works: The Quran which is the word of Allah, the Hadith which is divine sayings of Mohammed not found in the Quran, and the Sunna which are sayings and teachings of Mohammed. In order to check the validity of Hadith and Surra, Muslim scholars began to study Islamic law. A group of scholars and religious teachers called the Ulama determine the validity of Surra and Hadith. They are the ones who judge whether or not they are from Mohammed, and therefore from Allah, or not. Validity is usually determined by a set of parameters. These include consistency between texts, proof of the sayings through the generations and proof via scholarly testifiers. These are the basics of what Sharia is and how it is put into law, but even among the Ulama there...
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...t from one of warfare and sin, but to one of mission.
All in all, Islamic law has many similarities as western law. The major difference comes from the basis of the law. In the west we base our law off of ideals, and a historical point of view. Certain sects of dar al Islam have been pushing for this, especially when it pertains to people-people interactions; besides this their basis is on the word of Allah and Mohammed. In many ways Islamic law was more advanced than most western law. This can be seen in family practice, and especially in marriage and divorce. Divorce is something that is not to be sought, but allowed given enough time to think about it. Five hundred years ago King Henry VIII had to split the church in order to do this. Islamic law is different than western law, but it has made many attempts to bring about a better Islamic view of the west.
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