Islam in Central Asia and the House of Culture Essay

Islam in Central Asia and the House of Culture Essay

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What kind of Muslims were in Central Asia before the Soviet Union? Were they integrated in the Muslim world or were they on the sidelines of the mainstream events? How much did they contribute to Muslim heritage? How hard was it for the soviet houses of culture to influence the Muslims of Central Asia? This paper attempts to explore these questions and these aspects of the history of Central Asia.
I begin by very briefly going over the history of Islamic expansion into Central Asia. The expansion in my view can be separated into two periods, the pre-Abbasid period and the Abbasid and post-Abbasid period. Pre-Abbasid period is the period before the Abbasid Empire took hold of expansion in Asia, and it can be characterized by fluctuation. Fluctuation in terms of which lands the Muslims had expanded into; many times the Muslims will defeat an army, the defeated armies regroup attack the Muslims and so on. The Post-Abbasid Empire period is characterized by stability and fruitfulness; the period after which turmoil had settled in the area and the people and land got a chance to flourish under the ruling of Islam. And while the beginnings of these effects does start in the Umayyad Empire before, the full results of Islam’s rule over Central Asia can be most clearly seen during the Abbasid era.
Expansion into Central Asia begins as early as the year 637 during the time of the Muslim Caliph Omar Ibn Al-Khattab. At the time, the Muslim army leader Al-Ahnaf Ibn Qays (1) in the battles with the Persian empire had pushed the last king of the Sasanian Empire Yazdegerd III all the way back to Amu River near Balkh at the Battle of Oxus River (4). The Amu River is in todays’ Turkmenistan and so is in the western side of Central Asia. The expans...

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...uests in Central Asia. London: The Royal Asiatic Society.
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8- Bai, Shouyi. (2002). an outline History of China (Vol2). Beijing: Foreign Languages Press
9- Ibn Battuta. (2002). the Travels of Ibn Battuta. United Kingdom: Picador.
10- Al-Nawawi, Y. (2004). Sharḥ al-Nawawī ʻalá Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim [Explanation of Al-Nawawi on Saheeh Muslim]. Saudia Arabia: Al-Rushd Library
11- Kamal, A.A. (2006). Al-Jumhuriyat Al-Islamiyya Bi-Asya Al-Wusta [The Islamic Republics of Central Asia]. Cairo, Egypt: Daru Al-Salam
12- İğmen A. (2012). Speaking Soviet with an Accent: Culture and Power in Kyrgyzstan. “Central Asia in Context Series,” Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press

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