Essay on Islam And Islam

Essay on Islam And Islam

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In the previous chapter the discussions on the theoretical understandings of securitisation when it applies to Islam and Muslims, and the international perspectives of governmentality of Muslims as well regional categorizations as the illustrations of governmentality have presented. In this section the discussions turn to the securitisation of Islam, and governmentality of Islam in the Ethiopian state by thoroughly examining the existing challenges for the attainment of Muslim rights despite the changes in the political and social structure, and the alarming narratives of the ‘global war on terror’ by zooming its impacts to the regional and local levels taking Ethiopia as the case. Generally, the discussions presented in this chapter include two major elements: 1) securitization of Islam by the Ethiopian regimes and the dominant Orthodox Christian community; and 2) the manifestations of governmentality in the country in the forms of the caveats put on institutional and public expression of the Islamic faith, and the restrictions on their religious practices.
3.2 Securitisation of Islam and Muslims in Ethiopia: Historical Take
The acquaintance of Christianity with historical Ethiopia in the fourth century with its monotheistic doctrine situated Islam on the ideological periphery of the Christian world. Also, the consideration of elements from Judaism added to its idiosyncrasy, and legends associating the Solomonic dynastic line to King Solomon and Jerusalem delivered a theologically based idea of state-and nationhood.6 Ethiopia was a nation chosen by God, who had entered into a covenant with his people. To a great extent confined in the northern highlands, and bit by bit creating xenophobic states of mind toward the outside wor...


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...nd their rulers and some western observers that there was unbroken congruity of Christian rule over the whole of present-day Ethiopia. In other words, a slogan inferring dichotomous groups and a defensive character of the prevalent majority substituted for genuine investigations of Ethiopia 's perplexing religious past. In the event that this images had to a great extent characterized Ethiopia 's foreign relations with its Muslim neighbours, it has additionally justified the socio-political marginality of its Muslim citizens. The recent development, which is addressed in the subsequent sections, has surely had an alignment to the feelings of estrangement that Ethiopian Muslims experience: not countrymen but rather secondary citizens, they see themselves having a place within an Ethiopian national identity whose parameters were largely defined by its Christian legacy.

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