Almost all epistemologists, since Edmund Gettier’s 1963 article, have agreed that he disproved the justified-true-belief conception of knowledge. He proposed two examples to the premise that a belief, if weighed to be true and well justified, is sufficient for it to be knowledge. Within his cases an individual forms a belief which is true and justified, yet it isn’t considered to be knowledge. These instances came to be known as Gettier cases. Many theories have been proposed, as to why such beliefs are not knowledge. Which lead to the birth of another epistemic issue known as the Gettier problem. The Gettier problem is a question whether or not information counts as knowledge, due to the reasoning behind the belief of it being true, even it is in fact true. We expect knowledge to give us an understanding of any idea or concept we attempt to justify. In particular, some epistemologists like Prichard insist a lesson is to be learned from the Gettier problem in that, knowledge is rarely ever present when some kind of luck is involved in the presence of that true belief, given its justification.
Epistemic luck, or quite frankly luck in general can be accidental...
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...elief that manifests the believer’s epistemic competence in obtaining the truth, and when Greco says that knowledge is success in believing the truth that is attributable to the believer’s intellectual ability. Virtue reliabilists claim that their view is anti-skeptical and that it solves the Gettier problem, while retaining a certain theoretical simplicity (Reibesman pg. 1).” However, “Pritchard recently argued that any form of RVE has the vice of commitment to epistemological individualism, and that this commitment forces RVE advocates into the dilemma of either embracing skepticism regarding testimonial knowledge or losing their solution to the Gettier problem (Reibesman pg. 1).” Epistemic individualism can be defined as using your own feelings or beliefs without any outside sources or individuals that may influence what and how we think about certain situations.
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