Most of society would agree that happiness is desired aspect of life and unhappiness is not . These are the ideals that get at the heart of Utilitarianism. It is called the “Greatest Happiness Principle” because it states that an action is right if it produces happiness and wrong if it produces unhappiness. Similarly, happiness can either be a pleasure or the absence of pain and unhappiness is pain or the absence of pleasure. This moral philosophy is very simple, if an action produces more happiness than pain, then that is the moral decision. Consequently, every dilemma’s correct moral action can be determined by a simple math problem. Using this method, the classic trolley car problem becomes incredibly easy. The morally correct action will probably be to change the track, killing the single person and saving the other five; this all assuming there are not any very particular circumstances that make the one person saved provide more happiness than the other five). There is no ambiguity using Utilitarianism. Happiness should be considered the ultimate goal for humans, and that is the...
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... make it acceptable to enslave someone against their will. Rather, rights or rules should be put into place to prevent a majority from harming a minority. A fair way for these rights to be determined, is to ask the question: What would it be like if everyone followed this rule? If the answer is that the world would be a better place, then that is the moral action. Sometimes happiness is not the most important thing. It may be the truth or respect that we need to look at instead.
Happiness cannot be the end all, be all argument for what is moral and what is not. Consequently, making people happy does not automatically make someone moral. Instead, morality is to obey the rules provided by the question previously asked. With that, we should continue to think: if everyone performed the same actions as you in your particular situation, would the world be a better place?
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