Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa. Ethiopia’s population is 64.1 million and the national capital is Addis Ababa. Eritrea gained independence from Ethiopia in May 1993. Eritrea’s population is 4.1 million and the national capital is Asmara. “Eritrea was an Italian colony for sixty years prior to becoming united to Ethiopia in a Federation from 1952 until 1962. Ethiopia annexed Eritrea in 1962 arguing that the country was part of Ethiopia before Italian colonization. Eritreans waged a thirty years war of liberation against Ethiopia in the course of which they denied any historical links with Ethiopia, whi...
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...stability in the Horn of Africa starts with the peaceful resolution of the border conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea. The numerous issues that continue to plague this region will now be at the forefront rather than the conflict that has continued for many years. I truly believe that with stability come solutions not only from within but from external entities.
Whelan, Theresa (2008). Evaluating U.S. Policy Objective and Options on the Horn of Africa: Testimony Before the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations Subcommittee on African Affairs. 1
Tadesse, Zenebeworke (2000). The Ethiopian-Eritrean Conflict. 103
Selassie, Bereket Habte (1989). Eritrean and the United Nations. Red Sea Press
Shah, Anup (1999). Conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea. 2
Arab, Farah. Grappling For Peace: Border Conflict Between Ethiopia and Eritrea. 6, 1
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