Is Science A Science? Essay

Is Science A Science? Essay

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This essay will begin by defining key terms such as science and is psychology a science. It will further look at the efforts academics make to establish the discipline of psychology as a science. Thereafter, a conclusive conclusion will be made based on the salient points drawn from the discussion.

Science can be defined as a concept of observations and inquiries that the whole world applies depending on certain natural laws which are discovered and tested. Some academics come across ideas which have existed, they explore and test these ideas using scientific methods. These methods are based on observations or experience which compel academics into hypothesis testing (Comer, Gould, & Furnham, 2013). It is suggested that science has key features that make it a science. For example, science has empirical evidence. This means that facts and statistics can be collected for reference or analysis using methods such as experiments as well as observations. This shows that researchers make sure that observations and experiments are set out in a way that findings can be repeated and justified. Secondly, Comer et al (2013) suggest that science is objective. This means that personal ideas are done away to minimise theories from being biased. Therefore, science suggests that true information about the research can be shown even when the researcher hopes to obtain results in his way. Furthermore, scientific research needs to be replicated. This means that similar results must be obtained by various people or the same person if the research is carried out in similar circumstances. Lastly, science suggest that behaviour should be predicted from findings of research by testing a hypothesis which can provide evidence to support a theory.

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Eysenck, M. W. (2009). Fundamentals of psychology (1st ed.). Hove: Psychology Press.
Eysenck, M. W., & Keane, M. T. (2015). Cognitive psychology: A student’s handbook. United Kingdom: Psychology Press.
Groome, D., & Grant, D. (2013). An introduction to cognitive psychology: Processes and disorders (3rd ed.). Hove, East Sussex: Psychology Press.
Gross, R. D. (2003). Themes, issues and debates in psychology (2nd ed.). London: A Hodder Arnold Publication.
Popper, K. Science as Falsification. (1963). Conjectures and Refutations, 33–39. Retrieved from www.stephenjaygould.org/ctrl/popper_falsification.html#see
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