Psychology is commonly defined as 'scientific ' study of human behavior and cognitive processes. Broadly speaking the discussion focuses on the different branches of psychology, and if they are indeed scientific. However, it is integral in this to debate to understand exactly the major features of a science, in order to judge if psychology is in fact one. There must be a definable subject matter - this changed from conscious human thought to human and non-human behavior, then to cognitive processes within psychology 's first eighty years as a separate discipline. Also, a theory construction is important. This represents an attempt to explain observed phenomena, such as Watson 's attempt to account for human and non-human behaviour in terms of classical conditioning, and Skinner 's subsequent attempt to do the same with operant conditioning. Any science must have hypotheses, and indeed test them. This involves making specific predictions about behaviour under certain specified conditions, for example, predicting that by combining the sight of a rat with the sound of an iron bar banging behind his head, a small child will learn to fear the rat, as is the case of Little Albert (1923). Also, empirical methods are used in scientific fields to collect data, relevant to the hypothesis being tested, as is the case in many psychological experiments, such as the use of brain scanning in Dement and Kleitman 's 1957 study.
Science is meant to be objective and unbiased. It should be free of values and discover the truths about what it is studying. Positivism is the view that science is objective and a study of what is real. For example, schizophrenia, when diagnosed as being caused due to excess dopamine, is being ...
... middle of paper ...
...ase-studies and unstructured interviews. If a method in not scientific, it aims for good validity, in-depth material about someone or a small group, qualitative data and a richness of data that is not found by isolating variables, as in many psychological studies.
Psychology as a separate field of study grew out of several other disciplines, both scientific (such as physiology) and non-scientific (in particular philosophy). For much of its life as an independent discipline, and through what some call revolutions and paradigm shifts, it has taken the natural sciences as its model. Ultimately, whatever a particular science may claim to have discovered about the phenomena it studies, scientific activity remains just one aspect of human behavior. I feel that psychology should be viewed as a science, even if it does not concur with traditional scientific specifications.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Is psychology a Science. To answer this question we must first look at what psychology is. Gregory Feist and Erika Rosenberg (2012) defines psychology to be “the scientific study of thought and behavior.”(P. 5). Psychologists study why a person feels, thinks, and acts the way they do. Psychology is two fold. There is the well known clinical side, in which disorders are diagnosed and treated. The other side is the little known scientific psychological, which uses the scientific method to test psychological theories.... [tags: Psychology, Scientific method, Science, Theory]
1033 words (3 pages)
- Human society is involved to become more and more sophisticated every day. Along with that fast changing world, social science needs have grown to become a necessity. And social psychology is one of them. More specific than sociology, social psychology is defined as the study of how people react to each other behaviors, thoughts and opinions (Lilienfeld, Lynn, Namy, and Woolf, 2014). The reason that this social science field is vital is because we will have knowledge of how to improve or affect other people’s behaviors, whether it is good or bad to do something, or say certain things to certain types of people.... [tags: Psychology, Sociology, Social sciences, Science]
1276 words (3.6 pages)
- The British Psychological Society states that ‘Psychology is the scientific study of people, the mind and behaviour’ (BPS). In this essay I will be discussing what is actually meant by this and whether psychology fits into both the traditional views of a science, as well as more contemporary perspectives. It is widely suggested that Psychology is a “coalition of specialities” meaning it is multi-disciplinary (Hewstone, Fincham and Foster 2005, page 4). I will therefore examine whether it could be considered wrong to think that all parts of the discipline should neatly fit into one view of a scientific approach.... [tags: Psychology ]
1124 words (3.2 pages)
- Psychology is an integral part of our modern society, and its influence is quite widespread. Many important decisions, which are made in our society, can be based on psychology - decisions which affect the lives of many people. This is why it is important to determine whether or not psychology is a science. The answer to the question if psychology is a science is not a simple 'yes' or 'no' – it depends on the area of psychological study, on the theory used within an area, and often on the way the researcher chooses to study a phenomenon ( Makunda, 1997).... [tags: Informative, Psychology]
1981 words (5.7 pages)
- The pursuit of Psychology Psychology is the science of the mind and behavior (Dictionary.com). Becoming a psychologist can be a very difficult task that requires awareness and determination. It includes choosing a career from the many options that are available and meeting the educational requirements. People who aspire to become psychologists must also pay attention to factors such as the work environment, the salary, and the job outlook. Pursuing psychology is a journey that is rewarding if one has the passion for it.... [tags: Psychology, Clinical psychology]
757 words (2.2 pages)
- To “behave is what organisms do ”. The theory of behaviourism is built on the promotion of psychology as a science, concerning itself specifically with the scientific study of the behaviour of individuals. It is the theory that statements that contain mental expressions have the same meaning as publically verifiable statements involving behaviour and dispositions . One form of behaviourism is logical/ analytical behaviourism, a position concerned with the meanings of semantics of mental terms or concepts, where we can specify what it means to be in a particular mental state in terms of behaviours and behavioural dispositions, based on observable events.... [tags: Mind, Psychology, Behaviorism, Behavior]
1183 words (3.4 pages)
- “A Freudian slip is when you say one thing but mean your mother” (Unknown) The amazing thing with a Freudian slip is how the mind inserts a detail from your subconscious that was not intended to be there however the mouth said another. The depth of the human mind is truly limitless from conception till death the mind is interpreting data and responding to the outcomes of life’s experiences. The sums of these equations make up the details in our conscious and sub conscious minds. Studying the details of our mind and how we interact with the world around us resides Psychology.... [tags: psychology]
1019 words (2.9 pages)
- Yes. William James, who declared that “psychology is no science”, never even took a psych course, loathed conducting experiments, and rebuked being labeled as a psychologist; yet, he wrote a vast and authoritative Principle of Psychology (2 volume text book). So, how is it that James came to make such a significant impact on the field of psychology that he was accredited as “the most brilliant psychologist the world has ever known” (quoted in Leary, 2003, pp. 19-20). Maybe, he was praised for his style of writing (he conveyed his ideas clearly and effectively promoted them).... [tags: Psychology, Clinical psychology, Scientific method]
1179 words (3.4 pages)
- ... It was not until after this class that I realized what it meant. I thought it just meant that I was calm and reserved. However, this test actually told me that I put my feelings behind me to help other people before I help myself. It taught me that communication is challenging for me. I am a phenomenal listener, but when it comes to myself, I do not jump at the opportunity to talk. The personality unit led me to learn about defense mechanisms. Repression removes anxiety-causing ideas from conscious awareness by pushing them into the unconscious (Rathus, 2010, p.... [tags: Psychology, Mind, Memory, Personality psychology]
1269 words (3.6 pages)
- Psychology is definitely not what I thought it was. It is not just a therapist wanting to take your money and not do anything for it. Psychology is an exact science that uses the scientific method to figure out problems. Things like astrology and graphology are not a real science, they do not use true science to deduct things and find a true answer. There are a lot of different ideas within the history of psychology. There was Structuralism, which focused on the structure of the mind. Fuctionalism believed in adapting to ones environment, Gesalt Psychology, focusing on the whole rather than the parts, Behaviorism, no studying of the mental processes, only behaviors, and Psychoanalysis, which... [tags: essays research papers]
503 words (1.4 pages)