In order to be considered a science, Psychology must consequently adhere to using a scientific method. If this were, as usual, taken to mean the accumulation of knowledge through systematic observation or experimentation, Psychology would likely not have an issue in being recognised, however traditional views of a science mean most areas, with the exception of Behaviourism, would not be considered a science in their own right.
In terms of a traditional science, one key point is empiricism: a reliance on observations of behaviours instead of our logical reasoning, to further aid explanations of why humans act in certain ways (Valentine, 1992:5). In this way Psychology could be considered a science as psychologists are constantly monitoring behaviours some may perceive as common sense, for example Milgram’s study into obedience (1974). However, for an outcome of any observation to be correct, we must have faith in how it was measured. Two further questions arise from this in relation to Psychology as a scientific measure: whether Psychology doe’s mis-measure, and secondly whether, as some propose, Psychology is ordinari...
... middle of paper ...
...en Goldachre. (2011). The statistical error that just keeps on coming. Available: http://www.guardian.co.uk/. Last accessed 10/12/2011.
Hergenhahn, B.R. (2009). Social and Theoretical Psychology: Conceptual and Historical Issues 1. An introduction to the History of Psychology. 1 (1), p1-28.
Hewstone, M. Fincham, F. and Foster, J (2005). Psychology. Oxford: The British Psychological Society, and Blackwell Publishing. P3-23.
Milgram, S. (1963). Behavioural study of obedience. Journal of abnormal and social Psychology. 67 (4), p371-8.
Oppenheimer, R. (1956). Analogy in science. American Psychologist, 1 (11), p127-136.
The British Psychological Society. (2010). Promoting excellence in Psychology. Available: http://www.bps.org.uk/. Last accessed 10/12/2011.
Valenine, E.R. (1992). Psychology as a science. Conceptual issues in Psychology. 2nd (1), p1-7.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Psychology is an integral part of our modern society, and its influence is quite widespread. Many important decisions, which are made in our society, can be based on psychology - decisions which affect the lives of many people. This is why it is important to determine whether or not psychology is a science. The answer to the question if psychology is a science is not a simple 'yes' or 'no' – it depends on the area of psychological study, on the theory used within an area, and often on the way the researcher chooses to study a phenomenon ( Makunda, 1997).... [tags: Informative, Psychology]
1981 words (5.7 pages)
- “A Freudian slip is when you say one thing but mean your mother” (Unknown) The amazing thing with a Freudian slip is how the mind inserts a detail from your subconscious that was not intended to be there however the mouth said another. The depth of the human mind is truly limitless from conception till death the mind is interpreting data and responding to the outcomes of life’s experiences. The sums of these equations make up the details in our conscious and sub conscious minds. Studying the details of our mind and how we interact with the world around us resides Psychology.... [tags: psychology]
1019 words (2.9 pages)
- The concept of psychology, defined by the Merriam Webster dictionary as: “the science of mind and behavior,” existed as early as 360 BC, when Plato published Timaeous. Although there were successful findings in the realm of psychology prior to the discoveries of Sigmund Freud, nevertheless Freud is remembered as the father of modern-day psychology because of his discoveries in psychoanalysis. The study of psychology prior to the findings of Sigmund Freud was incomplete, for, without the discovery of the subconscious, the human mind is unnavigable.... [tags: freud, monism, therapy]
2720 words (7.8 pages)
- Psychology is definitely not what I thought it was. It is not just a therapist wanting to take your money and not do anything for it. Psychology is an exact science that uses the scientific method to figure out problems. Things like astrology and graphology are not a real science, they do not use true science to deduct things and find a true answer. There are a lot of different ideas within the history of psychology. There was Structuralism, which focused on the structure of the mind. Fuctionalism believed in adapting to ones environment, Gesalt Psychology, focusing on the whole rather than the parts, Behaviorism, no studying of the mental processes, only behaviors, and Psychoanalysis, which... [tags: essays research papers]
503 words (1.4 pages)
- ... It seems that to respond to Kim we must consider a multitude of scientific and philosophical issues. Kim’s essential argument relies on two different metaphysical principles. Firstly, he presents the ‘Casual Individuation of Kinds’ principle that states that kinds in science are individuated on the foundation of casual powers (Kim, 1992. p.17). Secondly, Kim gives us the ‘Casual Inheritance’ principle that states that if a mental state M is realized in a system at t in virtue of physical realization base P, the causal powers of this instance of M are identical with the causal powers of P, (Kim, 1992.... [tags: multiple realizability of mental properties]
1778 words (5.1 pages)
- Toward a Cognitive Psychology of Science: Recent Research and Its Implications In the article written by Ryan Tweney, he is contemplating the idea of whether there is a cognitive significance to scientific thinking. Many different studies are mentioned to try and answer this contemplation. One study on discovering the complexity of the universe found that subjects did the best if they confirmed evidence supporting their hypothesis early, and disconfirmed evidence later; this explains the persistence of many scientists.... [tags: essays research papers]
365 words (1 pages)
- The Science of Psychology “Psychology is the scientific study of mind, brain and behaviour. Some of what you do learn may seem like ‘common sense’, or at least familiar to you because you are learning about topics in which you can relate to. However some things you may believe is true, but is incorrect. The way we know this is through the application of scientific methods.” Mark Leary suggests that the subject matter of psychology is much more familiar to most people than is the subject matter of physics or biology; we see behaviour all around us.... [tags: Papers]
1117 words (3.2 pages)
- The Science of Psychology Psychology is defined as “the scientific study of the behavior of individuals and their mental processes supported by research”. The word psychology itself is derived from two Latin roots- “psyche” meaning mind and “logos” meaning study.... [tags: Papers]
1081 words (3.1 pages)
- A man with a deeply troubled look sits on a black couch while a doctor, who is out of his sight, attentively listens to him. As the troubled man speaks, the doctor scribbles on his pad. Oh my, how am I going to nail this. I seriously need to hit it out of the park for this project. I mean, I cannot be such a failure right. This is something that really matters to me and I really want to pull this off… The good doctor puts the pen down, taking advantage of the patient’s break in his speech, and says, “I see that you talk a lot about being a failure.... [tags: Psychoanalysis, Psychotherapy, Sigmund Freud]
1601 words (4.6 pages)
- There are many explanations for the origins of modern social psychology. It is therefore important to consider that social psychology cannot be traced back to one single source of origin (Burr, 2003). Hence, this is the reason why there are debates of what social psychology is. Allport (1985) described social psychology as the study an individual’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviours which are influenced by the actual, imagines, or implied presence of others. As seen from this definition there is a direct link between social science and the individual psychology (Sewell, 1989).... [tags: Psychology, Natural Science]
1691 words (4.8 pages)