Within perception, there have been many key ideas as to what causes perception and whether it is innate. Batki, Baron-Cohen, Wheelwright, Connellan and Ahluwalia (2000) focused on new-born children – particularly those aged less than 2 months old. Using a gaze study, they measured how long 2 month old infants looked at a photograph of a woman with her eyes open and her eyes closed. They found that the infants spent more time looking at a photograph with eyes open. From this, they concluded that infants have a preference for a face-like pattern and believed that this may be an innate mechanism within the brain that detects eye-like stimuli and, therefore, directs attention towards that stimulus. It has also been noted that babies from just one month old prefer a facial pattern (Fantz, 1961). Fogel and Melson (1988) gathered evidence that infants between the ages of four and eight weeks focused on the eyes of a photograph. This evidence seems to point towards an innate ability to focus and recognise faces – or at least, eyes. This points to babies being able to recognise and understands contours on a pattern to make up a facial feature that they can relate to.
Depth Perception has been highly rese...
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