Is Mononucleosis A Viral Infection That Can Create Dangerous Circumstances Within The Spleen

Is Mononucleosis A Viral Infection That Can Create Dangerous Circumstances Within The Spleen

Length: 880 words (2.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Unit 2 Case Study
Mononucleosis is a viral infection that can create dangerous circumstances within the spleen. Most individuals diagnosed with this illness are told to avoid contact sports and strenuous activity due to the fact that during its course, it can cause the spleen to swell multiple times its normal size (DerSarkissian, 2016). During the infection, the spleen, an organ involved in storing and educating lymphocytes, is highly active with a high volume of blood in order to fight off the virus. This swelling also thins the spleen’s surrounding capsule, making it more susceptible to major injury (Bjerke, 2014).
If the spleen is damaged, it can cause severe internal bleeding in the abdominal cavity. The spleen is highly vascularized and is thought to filter 10-15% of a person’s blood every minute. The spleen can also store a reserve of 40-50 mL of red blood cells and 25% of an individual’s circulating platelets (Bjerke, 2014). Because of this, the spleen itself doesn’t have much of its own structure. It’s often thought to be a “bag of blood” (Hough, 2016), which illustrates why a rupture or laceration could be so dangerous.
Splenic damage can have a highly variable clinical presentation across individuals. The most common sensation is abdominal tenderness in the upper left quadrant of the abdomen. If internal bleeding results in blood loss of more than 5-10% of the total blood volume, the patient may begin to enter into early shock, which usually presents as tachycardia, anxiety, and restlessness. If the bleeding continues, the patient’s sympathetic nervous system may go into overdrive, causing the patient to go into overt shock. This blood loss can also cause pallor of the skin, decreased capillary refill, and decreased pul...


... middle of paper ...


...tissue death. When this is felt during damage to the spleen, visceral afferents are stimulated. The afferent fibers run alongside sympathetic fibers to the spinal cord. Here, they enter the T6-T8 region of the spinal cord via the dorsal roots along with somatic sensory fibers. Therefore, the area illustrated in figure 1 likely contains the somatic sensory fibers that run to T6-T8. When the signal is sent to the brain, the brain can’t determine whether the signal is coming from the visceral afferents or the somatic sensory fibers, so it sends a signal that both have pain (Hough, 2016).
In this situation, the player, teammates, and coach should be informed of the dangers of the situation and discouraged from allowing the player to play in the game. Officials should also be notified to ensure that they are keeping their best eye out for rough play, fouls, and penalties.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Is Glanders Disease A Bacterial Infection That Is Caused By The Bacterium Burkholderia Mallei

- Glanders disease is a bacterial infection that is caused by the bacterium Burkholderia mallei. Glanders is known by several names, such as Farcy and Malleus, but glanders is probably the one most commonly recognized (CFSPH, "Glanders", 2007). This disease is most frequently found in horses, but can sometimes affect mules and donkeys. It is possible for glanders to be contracted by humans as well, but this is extremely rare and there have been no human-to-human transmissions of the disease reported to have taken place in the United States....   [tags: Infectious disease, Bacteria, Infection, Pneumonia]

Better Essays
1698 words (4.9 pages)

Urinary Tract Infections : A Common Infection Essay

- Abstract A urinary tract infection is a very common infection that can happen to anybody. A urinary tract infection usually occurs when bacteria enters the urethra and multiples in the urinary system. The Urinary tract includes the kidneys, the thin tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder (ureters), and the main tube that carries the urine from the bladder (urethra). Women, men, and children are all immune to this infection. Women have the highest chances of getting it. In the Urinary tract, the main links of the ureters help get rid of any bacteria that tries to enter the urine, and the bladder helps prevent urine from backing up into the kidneys....   [tags: Urine, Urinary tract infection, Kidney]

Better Essays
1251 words (3.6 pages)

Pneumoni Infection Of The Lung Parenchyma Essay

- Pneumonia Pneumonia by definition is the infection of the lung parenchyma. According to the Cleveland Clinic (2010), that despite all of the antibiotics pneumonia remains the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. This paper will compare two types of pneumonia, their causes, presentation, assessment and treatments. Community-Acquired Pneumonia Causes There are three common pathogens that make up 85% of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). These pathogens that cause the typical CAP are Streptococcus pneumoniae (penicillin-sensitive and -resistant strains), Haemophilus influenzae (ampicillin-sensitive and -resistant strains), and Moraxella catarrhalis (all strains penicillin-re...   [tags: Pneumonia, Nosocomial infection, Microbiology]

Better Essays
1101 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on The Spleen

- The Spleen by Anne Finch, the Countess of Winchelsea, presents an interesting poetic illustration of depression in the spleen. The spleen for Finch is an enigma, it is mysterious, shape-shifting, and melancholic. Melancholy leads the subject to flashes of a grander, terrifying emotion: the sublime. The subject of Finch’s Pindaric ode experiences the sublime, and yet has the uncanny ability to reflect and reason on the feeling with acuity--even though the subject suffers from depression, which in effect dulls sensory information....   [tags: Literature Review]

Better Essays
2426 words (6.9 pages)

Infection Is The Establishment Of A Pathogen Essay

- Infection is the establishment of a pathogen in its host after invasion. Also is state produced by the establishment of an infective agent in or on a suitable host and this germ or pathogen is referred to as a parasitic organism. They are with the host in in anticipation of feeding on them. Infection is the process in which bacteria, viruses, and parasites invaded and multiply in the body. These foreign object are not normally visible within the body. An infection may cause no symptoms and be subclinical or it may cause symptoms and be clinically apparent....   [tags: Bacteria, Immune system, Common cold, Infection]

Better Essays
1627 words (4.6 pages)

Cross Infection Or Co Infection Essay examples

- Cross-infection or co-infection has been reported in human populations (Gimenes et al., 2014). Most studies showed the co-infection in the same tissue tropism such as oral and anogenital cross infection (Liu et al., 2015). Some case studies reported the cross-tissue infection by same HPV types (Choi & Lee, 2016; Paolini et al., 2015; Torres et al., 2015). Gamma HPV types were detected in both cutaneous and mucosal tissues indicating a dual-tropism of HPV may exist (Bolatti et al., 2016; Ostrbenk et al., 2015; Torres et al., 2015)....   [tags: Immune system, Infection, Infectious disease]

Better Essays
1122 words (3.2 pages)

Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infection Essay

- Student no: 5310064 Assessment 2 Catheter associated Urinary Tract Infection Patient safety indicator Patient safety and quality care is very essential for the preventive, curative and promotive health care of the patient. Patient safety indicators are those indicators that help to provide care with patient safety. Patient safety indicators should always be measurable. There is a vital role of nurses and health care professionals in promoting and maintaining patient safety and quality care in the workplace....   [tags: Urinary tract infection, Urinary catheterization]

Better Essays
1967 words (5.6 pages)

Analysis of Paris Spleen, by Charles Baudelaire Essay

- Charles Baudelaire was a French poet in the late eighteen hundreds. He composed many short poems that didn’t necessarily rhyme. Most of his texts allow for several interpretations. The poems were concentrated around feelings of melancholy, ideas of beauty, happiness, and the desire to escape reality. Baudelaire uses these notions to express himself, others, and his art. Baudelaire fuses his poetry with metaphors or words that indirectly explain the poems to force the reader to analyze the true meaning of his works....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Charles Baudelaire ]

Better Essays
2256 words (6.4 pages)

Congenital Neonatal Infections in Vertical HIV Essay

- ... The envelope is made of the viral protein ENV and has spikes that protrude from the shell made of two more structural viral proteins GP120 and GP41. The GP120 protein forms the tip of the viral spike and interacts with macrophage and helper-T cell receptor CD4 to initiate entry into the cell. Once bound, the GP120 protein undergoes a conformational change that resists immune system recognition, a process termed conformational masking. The GP120 is then able to bind a chemokine receptor, CCR5 or CXCR4, required for viral entry....   [tags: infant, maternal, infection, products]

Better Essays
858 words (2.5 pages)

Essay about Infection

- Infection – Part 1 I lay on my side in slight pain. I rolled onto my top side, and opened my eyes. Everything was out of focus and a massive blur. Like an out of focus video camera. Within a few moments, everything comes into focus. It wasn’t like I was missing anything. Nearly the entire furnace room was as black as night, save for a flickering light bulb. Unaware of what was truly going on, I stumbled out of the furnace room. The house was silent. Confused, I hurried up the stairs into the kitchen....   [tags: Creative Writing Essays]

Better Essays
1223 words (3.5 pages)