You probably see a sheet of perfect, white paper, covered in thousands of tiny ink letters. Have you ever wondered the effect that this has on the earth, with the processes you don't see? Surely you don’t see the pollution and deforestation caused by mass produced paper. Paper created in mill factories has an unfavorable impact on the environment. Entire sections of forests are cut down, the air is filled with harmful chemicals, and the health of humans and animals alike is affected. Most people do not think of paper as being a significant factor in environmental damage. In some countries, paper made by hand helps offset the effects of pollution and deforestation. However, America is mostly run by mass produced paper, and while handmade paper is not quite yet a dead art it is not being used as it once was. A higher usage of types of handmade paper can help combat the negative effect on the environment, resulting in less pollution and waste.
Paper has a long and rich history, spanning thousands of years and many cultures. To understand how we have come to where we are in the paper industry, we must understand the history of paper as a whole. Paper was first produced as a cheaper alternative to bamboo or silk. It was easier to transport and easier to write on. It was first made out of tree bark, rags, and anything that could be turned into a sheet of paper. Papyrus was used in Egypt and Greece, and parchment was used as an alternative. The demand of writing materials grew as people began placing value on writing and literature. In addition to being used as a writing material, it began to be used for religious ceremonies and decorative purposes, giving p...
... middle of paper ...
...ot integrate some of this useful art back into our society, so as to help heal the environment.
Dawson, Sophie. The Art and Craft of Paper-Making. London: Quarto, Inc., 1996. Print.
Mingei International Museum of World Folk Art. Innovations. Moyer Bell Ltd., 1985. Print.
Webb, Sheila. Paper: The Continuous Thread. Cleveland: Indiana University Press, 1982. Print.
Kumar, Vivek and R.C. Maheswari. “Handmade Papermaking in India: A Sustainable Production
System”. Web. Accessed 4/6/13.
Paper Making (papermaking.net). “Homemade Paper to Localize Economy?” Oct. 16, 2009.
Web. Accessed 4/6/13.
Story, Louise. “The Hidden Life of Paper and Its Impact on the Environment”. The New York
Times. October 25, 2006. Web. Accessed 4/6/13.
Levine, Mark. “Can a Papermaker Help to Save Civilization?” The New York Times. Februar17, 2012. Web. Accessed 4/6/13.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In this paper, I will define and explain Utilitarianism, then evaluate the proofs made to support it. In the nineteenth century, the philosophy of Utilitarianism was developed by John Stuart Mill. Utilitarianism is the theory that man should judge everything in life based upon its ability to promote the greatest individual happiness. While Jeremy Bentham is acknowledged as the father of Utilitarianism, it was Mill who defended its structure through reason. He continually reasoned that because human beings are capable of achieving conscious thought, they are not simply satisfied by physical pleasures; humans desire to pleasure their minds as well.... [tags: Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill, Jeremy Bentham]
1037 words (3 pages)
- The purpose of this paper is to explain how Utilitarianism supports Mill’s Liberty Principle. The Liberty Principle, or harm principle, simply states that the only way someone can stop another person from doing what they want, against their will, is if it will cause harm to others. On the other hand, Utilitarianism, or the Greatest Happiness Principle, is basically stating that the goal of an action or event is to make the most people the happiest. In reference to the greatest happiness principle, the opposite of happiness is not necessarily sadness but is simply referred to as the “opposite of happy;” and this is important to keep in mind when listening to the argument that I will present l... [tags: Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill, Pleasure]
1391 words (4 pages)
- John Stuart Mill’s theory of Utilitarianism is a moral consequentialist view that maintains actions are good if they lead to happiness and bad if they lead to suffering. The same rationale can be applied to obstruction—whatever prevents suffering is morally good, and whatever prevents happiness is morally bad. It should be noted Mill characterizes happiness as “pleasure and the absence of pain” (104). He also puts forth that intellectual pleasures—such as the satisfaction that comes with finishing a paper, or having a successful long-term friendship—are better than the animalistic pleasures taken in eating or sex.... [tags: Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill, Suffering]
862 words (2.5 pages)
- John Stuart Mill was a political economist that believed in trying to make the division between classes smaller through mainly taxing inheritance and shorter working hours for middle and lower class. John Stuart Mill was also very big into Women's Rights and fighting for Women's equality. John Stuart Mill is the godson of Jeremy Bentham and son of James Mill, who are both huge figures in the economic world. John stuart Mill was born in 1805 at 13 Rodney Street in the Pentonville area of London. John Stuart Mill grew up in London.... [tags: John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism, Economics]
988 words (2.8 pages)
- Along with other noted philosophers, John Stuart Mill developed the nineteenth century philosophy known as Utilitarianism - the contention that man should judge everything in life based upon its ability to promote the greatest individual happiness. While Bentham is acknowledged as the philosophy’s founder, it was Mill who justified the axiom through reason. He maintained that because human beings are endowed with the ability for conscious thought, they are not merely satisfied with physical pleasures; humans strive to achieve pleasures of the mind as well.... [tags: Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill, Pleasure]
978 words (2.8 pages)
- Many have different views when it comes to defining morality and the ways in which a person can achieve morality. The three different views that we have discussed in class are the utilitarianism of John Stuart Mill, the non-consequentialism of Immanuel Kant, and the virtue-based ethics of Aristotle. The view on morality that i disagree with most is Mill’s utilitarianism for various reasons. I believe that the other two views have their flaws, but Mill’s view is by far the most flawed, in my opinion.... [tags: Utilitarianism, Ethics, John Stuart Mill]
852 words (2.4 pages)
- John Stuart Mill’s Education John Stuart Mill’s education was intense at all times, but at different stages in his life he learned different things and in different ways. Though his education was unique by all accounts, it embodied many virtues that modern educational systems strive to include. These include: close parent involvement and one-on-one work between students and teachers; exposure to intellectual role models; emphasis on independent thought, logic, and pursuing curiosities; being held to high standards for achievement; being free from invidious comparisons to peers; and learning the value of seeking out peers for intellectual support and stimulation.... [tags: John Stuart Mill Education Essays]
1779 words (5.1 pages)
- The term “civil or social liberties” is one that garners a lot of attention and focus from both Rousseau and Mill, although they tackle the subject from slightly different angles. Rousseau believes that the fundamental problem facing people’s capacity to leave the state of nature and enter a society in which their liberty is protected is the ability to “find a form of association that defends and protects the person and goods of each associate with all the common force, and by means of which each one, uniting with all, nevertheless obeys only himself and remains as free as before” (Rousseau 53).... [tags: Rousseau vs Mill]
1828 words (5.2 pages)
- John Stuart Mill and Utilitarianism Utilitarianism defined, is the contention that a man should judge everything based on the ability to promote the greatest individual happiness. In other words Utilitarianism states that good is what brings the most happiness to the most people. John Stuart Mill based his utilitarian principle on the decisions that we make. He says the decisions should always benefit the most people as much as possible no matter what the consequences might be. Mill says that we should weigh the outcomes and make our decisions based on the outcome that benefits the majority of the people.... [tags: Philosophy Morality John Stuart Mill ]
1321 words (3.8 pages)
- Response Paper #1 The reading materials in Week 6 explore the impact of international law on states, and more specifically, state behaviors. The idea is not to oversimplify the influence of international law but to understand in what circumstances (under various theories) would the legal framework and rules of international society shape and limit the behavior of nations and their alternatives. And these include many scenarios that constitute a change in state behavior – such as abstaining from invasion to imposing tariffs.... [tags: essays research papers]
721 words (2.1 pages)