To what extent does your comparative study of the intertextual perspectives of Metropolis and Nineteen Eighty-Four reflect this statement?
An intertextual exploration of Fritz Lang’s silent film Metropolis (1927) and George Orwell’s satirical novel Nineteen Eight Four  (1948) have elucidated the ubiquitous concerns regarding the dangers associated with technology and its role in the facilitation of a dictatorship. However, influenced by the composer’s milieu, the degree to which this concept is explored differs in both texts. Although both texts underpin the notion that technology causes the monopolization of power through dehumanizing individuals, Lang portrays both ends of the spectrum due to the changing attitudes of society towards the Industrial Revolution whereas Orwell consistently depicts technology as a tool to assist autocratic regimes after witnessing the brutality of Stalin and Hitler’s totalitarian regimes and experiencing the Cold War.
Technology causes dehumanization, the suppression of individuality, which allows for tyrannical governments to exercise their authority over their subjects. This notion is conveyed to an extensive degree in Metropolis through the machinery. Lang articulates his concern with the growing popularity of capitalist values during the 1920s through the debasing effects of technology on the workers. The dehumanization of the proletariat is witnessed in the wide shot of Georgy’s at this clock machine. His robotic body language and imitation clock machine suggests that he is an appendage of the machine, placing him as an integral component of technology which further elucidates the stripping away of his identity. In addition, the long shot of the...
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...the paranoid and fearful atmosphere of society due to the psychological warfare of the Cold War as tensions grew between Russia and America. Whilst Lang’s more optimistic view on technology as a result of the “Golden Ages of Weimar”, Orwell’s pessimistic approach embodies that of his society as a result of witnessing the brutality of Stalinism and the Cold War.
Through a dualistic study of these texts, it is clear that the different contexts have been fundamental in shaping these texts. Texts are inherently products of their composer’s context. Lang’s shifting views on the notion of technology’s facilitation of dictatorship stems the changing perspectives his society held towards the industrial revolution. On the other hand, Orwell’s nihilistic attitude mirrors that of his society as a result experiencing the horrors of fascist regimes and the Cold War.
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