Is Journalism a Profession? Essays

Is Journalism a Profession? Essays

Length: 2831 words (8.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Research Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

INTRODUCTION

"Society demands that the men who minister to its health be in the highest sense of the word professional men − professionally trained, professional in their ethics, professionally responsible. Society demands professional training and professional conduct of the men who minister to its needs in legal matters. The fact that society demands less of the men who minister through news to its knowledge and attitudes is one of the great and dangerous inconsistencies that give shape to the twentieth century (Schramm, 1947, p. 90)."


McLoed and Hawley (as cited in Wilson, 1995) elucidated appropriately, "a recurrent journalistic controversy has involved the question whether journalism is a true profession or merely a craft." Sparked primarily by Lippmann and Dewey, extending into the age of the penny press (mid 1980s) and later, the attempt to commercialise the news (late 1980s) to our present era, there has existed a contentious debate on journalism being distinguished as a profession (Wilson, 1995).
Encapsulated in a democratic homeland since the advent of time, media systems are habitually acclaimed as the “fourth power,” with its journalists often hailed as the “watch-dogs” of such a society. Lending itself to act as ‘gatekeeper’ for the wider society and performing the traditional role of journalism, the media (overall) exist as powerful “instruments of knowledge” that perform the function of providing information to the masses in a public sphere, where issues may be discussed, justified and contested (Scannell, 1995, p. 17). Evidently, media workers play a pivotal role in our society; however, their status in the realm of professions is not definite. Although the above emphasize the predicament at the heart of ...


... middle of paper ...


...1995). The NWICO debate, Unit 20 of the MA MA in Mass
Communications (By Distance Learning). Centre for Mass Communications
Research, University of Leicester, United Kingdom.

Nygren. G; Witschge T. (2009). Journalism: a profession under pressure? Journal of Media Business Studies, 6, 37-59
Scannell, P. (1995). Social aspects of media history, Unit 9 of the MA in Mass
Communications (By Distance Learning). Centre for Mass Communications
Research, University of Leicester, United Kingdom.

Schramm, W. (1947). Education for journalism: vocation, general or professional?
The Journal of Education, 2, 90-98

Wilson, G.R. (1995). Is journalism a bona fide profession? What the literature revealed.
Paper presented at AEJMC Southeast Colloquium, Newspaper Division. Retrieved from http://www.southerner.net/fast/JNPRO.html


Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Joining Forces: An Examination of User-Generated Content in Two Dutch Newspaper

- Joining forces: an examination of user-generated content in two Dutch newspapers Theoretical Framework The term ‘user-generated content’ or ‘UGC’ refers to content that has been produced by non-professionals – in this case by non-journalists. This content can be of all kinds: text-based, visual or audiovisual, or a combination of those three. The key point is that it is produced by ordinary people, who do not work for the organisation that receives their contributions. That is the definition which needs to be kept in mind throughout this paper....   [tags: framework, journalism, profession]

Research Papers
796 words (2.3 pages)

Ethics in Journalism: The Past and Now Essay

- From the times of Walter Williams to now, journalism and especially ethics have been changing. Ethics in journalism is very important for journalists in today’s society. Williams was a 20th century journalist that founded the first American journalism school, the School of Journalism at Indiana University (Ibold). He brought a global perspective to journalism at a critical point while American journalism and code of ethics were developing (Ibold). Everything changes with time. So, has ethics in journalism changed from the past to now....   [tags: Journalism]

Research Papers
2147 words (6.1 pages)

Professional Journalism Essay

- In the article, ‘The Professionalization of Journalism’ John C. Merrill addresses the issue of whether or not journalism should become a professionalized occupation. Merrill notes that although journalism is not presently considered to be a profession, many journalists perceive themselves as being professionals. The Oxford Shorter Dictionary defines ‘profession’ as “Occupation which one professes to be skilled in and to follow. . . .A vocation in which professed knowledge of some branch of learning is used in its application to the affairs of others, or in the practice of an art based upon it.” Merrill outlines several advantages those within a professionalized occupation benefit from inclu...   [tags: Journalism]

Research Papers
898 words (2.6 pages)

Journalism and Social Media Essay

- Because I am a journalism student, I have talked, researched and discussed with many of my fellow students and faculty members about the topics above. I am choosing to talk about this because I think it is important and they are pertinent issues in the journalism field. I am also very interested in this topic, so I thought it would be fun to take the opportunity you gave us to design our own multi-part question and write about something in journalism that is appealing to me. I recently read an article somewhere, in which BBC journalist Sigrun Rottman said that objectivity in journalism is an illusion and the media should think more of being balanced than being objective....   [tags: Journalism News]

Research Papers
1332 words (3.8 pages)

Journalism And Society By Denis Mcquail Essay example

- As a journalist myself, it is important that I understand what my roles are to the public and how the public perceives me. Currently, I am employed by KWWL, a news station in Waterloo, Iowa, as a multi-media journalist. Though I have not started my job yet, I am constantly looking for ways to improve my journalistic skills. I feel that one very important skill a journalist needs to have is the knowledge of how society is affected by the news they are given. Denis McQuail’s book, Journalism and Society, breaks down the true meaning of journalism, what responsibility journalists have to the society and problems that can arouse....   [tags: Mass media, Journalism, Newspaper, News media]

Research Papers
1040 words (3 pages)

Essay on Journalism backs the Entertainment and Advertising Moment

- As part of pop culture’s largest entertainment and advertising movement, magazine journalism and publishing is a profession based on research, writing and reproof that I feel led to pursue because of the desires and talents that god has blessed me with. Journalism is the action of providing citizens with the information they need to stay independent, free, and self-governing. This main focus has remained constant throughout journalism’s long history. Although journalism has been stretched to a new level, as anyone with basic writing skills and technology may call themselves journalist, the definition remains the same that it is the sending out of new information to the people that they might...   [tags: advertisements, entertainment, journalism, ]

Research Papers
1835 words (5.2 pages)

The De Professionalization And Democratization Of Traditional Journalism

- This article focuses on research that reveals the de-professionalization and democratization of traditional journalism. The article explores the consequences of both the relation between traditional journalism and citizen journalism. The author argues that the emergence of citizen journalism is a consequence of the current factors effecting the changes in traditional journalism. The lines between professional journalism content and amateur journalism content have become blurred. The author explains how these factors have shown to affect the field of journalism in areas of employment, media technologies, shifting patterns of media use, and media consumption....   [tags: Journalism, Mass media, Democracy, News media]

Research Papers
1191 words (3.4 pages)

Journalism And Its Impact On Journalism Essay

- Journalism: Deemed Obsolete Journalism has been around for a long time, and many people believe that the standard version of journalism has gone obsolete now. Newspaper, magazines, and tabloids were all at their time a source of information or entertainment, but now people believe they have no place in the technology age. Some people say that the degree in journalism at colleges is an obsolete one, and should be avoided or completely taken out of the curriculum because it just doesn’t amount to anything these days....   [tags: Mass media, Newspaper, Journalism, Person]

Research Papers
902 words (2.6 pages)

The Internet Has Changed The Face Of Newsroom Journalism Essay

- "The Internet has changed the face of newsroom journalism practice." Discuss. Name: Nandita Menon Student ID: 200901452 Institue of Communication of Studies In - sessional Assignment 2014 - 2015 Word Count: "The Internet has changed the face of newsroom journalism practice." Discuss. The Oxford Dictionary defines journalism as "The activity or profession of writing for newspapers or magazines or of broadcasting news on radio or television." If this definition can be taken into account, then we can agree that in its core journalism hasn 't changed....   [tags: Journalism, Mass media, Newspaper, Change]

Research Papers
1098 words (3.1 pages)

Journalism Essay

- Before there were newspapers, news was taken by horse from town to town; neighbors and friends had to rely on each other for information. Now journalism is one of the fastest most competitively growing job markets and with college students clamoring for internships at vogue and rolling stone it’s difficult to get your foot in the door. Being a reporter isn’t a nine to five job with a normal salary and a weekly pay check its being stressed over deadlines and spending hours on the phone checking sources....   [tags: newspaper]

Free Essays
720 words (2.1 pages)