Irony in The Necklace by Guy de Maupassant Essay

Irony in The Necklace by Guy de Maupassant Essay

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"The necklace itself is representative of the theme of appearances versus reality.”(Gale) Guy de Maupassant was a popular French writer who wrote many short stories. One of his most popular works is “The Necklace”. The story is about a girl named Mathilde Loisel who has always dreamed of something she can never have, and just when she gets a chance, she loses her friend’s necklace that makes her life turn for the worse. Maupassant develops his theme of the deception of appearance throughout the story with the use of irony, characterization, and symbolism.
To start off, “The Necklace” goes through ironic situations expressed in the story. “Why, at most it was worth only five hundred francs!”(Maupassant) The necklace itself is a fake. The Loisels go through a rough life for an expensive necklace when in reality it is an imitation. “It is ironic that beauty only becomes a reality when it is ornamented with something else.”(Gale) Madame Loisel was a beautiful and charming lady but was ruled out because of her class. Which is ironic for a society that highly values appearance. “Oh nothing. Only I don’t have an evening dress and therefore I can’t go to that affair. Give the card to some friend at the office whose wife can dress better than I can.”(Maupassant) Irony is a literary element used throughout the story.
Additionally, Mathilde Loisel is characterized as a dreamer. She wants to be the glamour girl she always thought she was meant to be. “She suffered intensely, feeling herself born for every delicacy and every luxury.”(Maupassant) Mathilde Loisel desires to be sought after. She fantasizes to the extreme of being the center of attention with all the wealth and b...


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... Mathilde Loisel as desirable although she was excluded before because she could not afford to live like them. Mathilde Loisel herself perceived her life as unbearable, even though it did not have to be if she would make the most of what she had. Until then she learned through a decade of what real suffering and poverty is like.


Works Cited
Brackett, Virginia. “The Necklace.” Masterplots, Fourth Edition (2010): 1-3. Literary Reference Center. Web. 29 Jan. 2014.
Brackett, Virginia. “The Necklace.” Masterplots, Fourth Edition (2010): 1-3. Literary Reference Center. Web. 29 Jan. 2014.
Maupassant, Guy De. “The Necklace.” 1884. Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9 Common Core Edition. Common Core Edition ed. N.p.: Harcourt, Brace, 2012. 224-33. Print.
Steegmuller, Francis. “The Necklace.” EXPLORING Short Stories. Detroit: Gale, 2003. Gale Power Search. Web. 29 Jan. 2014.


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