Whilst there is no single definition of Irish Nationalism, as the various groups and movements within the Nationalist cause differed in views, opinions and methods. Irish nationalism can be defined as the early struggle in the nineteenth and twentieth century to achieve independence from British rule, achieved in 1921 and the later movements to reunite the six counties of Northern Ireland with the Republic of Ireland (Laurence p.157). For the purpose of this essay, focus will be placed on the early struggle to achieve independence from the United Kingdom and the later efforts of the Irish Government to further justify their cause for nationhood by establishing continuity with an Irish past free of British influence. Both prior to and after achieving independence this was done through a revival of language, myth and folk culture and through the preservation of sites of historical and symbolic importance.
One of the most notable examples of how nationalists strived to establish a suitable historic continuity in order to justify a sense of nationhood prior to Independence was through symbolism and the symbolic importance of ancient Irish sites and monuments. Daniel O’Connell a political Nationalist used symbolic representations of ancient Irish heritage to garner support to the nationalist cause. O’Connell’s conscious d...
... middle of paper ...
... as the Rock of Cashel a former stronghold of Irish Kings and site of early Irish Christian importance and the Neolithic Newgrange. Unlike the reconstruction of Dublin, there was no pressing need for the rebuilding of either site. But rather can be perceived as the efforts of Nationalists to further justify a sense of nationhood through the revival of an ancient history.
Just as the members of the Anglo-Irish Literary revival had used various mythological heroes from Irish past, such as Cu Chulainn, to evoke a sense of Irish heritage and justification for nationhood, so to did the new Irish government. Those involved in the Easter Uprising of 1916 and the War of Independence were recreated as heroes like those in Irish Myth. The statue of Cu Chullain within the rebuilt GPO stands in commemoration to those involved in the Easter Uprising (‘Ireland’ 2008 DVD).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Irish Nationalists and Ulster Unionists The question of the division of Ireland between the predominantly Protestant North and the Catholic South is a long-standing, deep seated and highly complex issue which still continues to be controversial to this day. There have been many attempts to resolve the problems in order to restore peace to this small island, however none have been found. The Irish Nationalists and the Ulster Unionists both had powerful reasons for fighting their own cause, and both sides claimed small victories towards their ultimate goal over the years but 1914 was a year when the balance could have been tipped one way or the other if it had no... [tags: Papers]
1963 words (5.6 pages)
- ... Although the Catholics were finally starting to gain some recognition in a land that was only theirs to begin with, by 1799 only 5% of the land was owned or populated by Catholics. This statistic proved that England had almost complete control over Ireland so two years following 1799 in 1801 Ireland was forced to join the United Kingdom as an effect of the Act of Union of 1801. Irish Revolutionary Leaders: One of the most prominent revolutionary leaders in Ireland was Daniel O’Connell who is remembered as the first nationalist leader, who was also originally a lawyer, of the 1700s.... [tags: great britain, ireland, irish nationalists]
2452 words (7 pages)
- During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, political thought in Ireland began to shift toward the idea of greater autonomy from the United Kingdom. This came after centuries of history between the islands of Ireland and Great Britain, and not all of it positive. This created division and sometimes hostility between groups of people in the country, even if they weren’t really so different . Two major groups involved in discussing the idea of increased independence were the nationalists, who supported greater Irish autonomy in some form, and unionists, who argued that the government didn’t need that change.... [tags: Ireland, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom]
1077 words (3.1 pages)
- From the time of their creation in 1919, the Irish Republican Army (IRA) has always been a fighting force behind the independence from Britain for all of Ireland. The IRA was an organization that was meant to help Ireland in their fight for independence and be the military support going into the future. Nevertheless, did the creation of the IRA really help Ireland in the end, or did it cause more problems than the Irish already had. Although the IRA was created to help aid Ireland in the fight for independence, their brutal tactics and their inability to compromise ultimately led to destruction and problems rather than peace for Ireland.... [tags: famine, kingdoms, catholic countries]
1484 words (4.2 pages)
- Social Problems of the Troubles in Ireland For about 150 years Ireland and neighboring countries have struggled with social controversy and segregation that has consumed society and its views, which have been labeled as the “Troubles”. Ireland has struggled to become peaceful and accept the ties it has to the United Kingdom. In every country there is hate, wars, and events that cause the population to raise up arms and try to get their points across, but in Ireland it has lasted a very long time due to Nationalists versus the government, Catholics versus Protestants, Loyalists versus Unionists, and many other radicals that believed in something greater than what Ireland was during certain t... [tags: Irish History, Irish Economics]
1988 words (5.7 pages)
- The Irish History The following events have all helped shape the course of Irish history in the 20th century. The Easter rising 1916, The deployment of British troops in Northern Ireland 1969, ”Bloody Sunday” 30 January 1972. Which of these events has had the biggest impact on the history of the conflict in Ireland. The Easter Rising, Bloody Sunday and the deployment of British troops in Northern Ireland all had big impacts on the history of the conflict in Northern Ireland. Which one, however, had the biggest impact on the conflict.... [tags: Papers]
1052 words (3 pages)
- The 1916 Irish Easter Uprising Ever since the occupation of Ireland by the English began in 1169, Irish patriots have fought back against British rule, and the many Irish rebellions and civil wars had always been defeated. To quash further rebellion, the Act of Union was imposed in 1800, tying Ireland to the United Kingdom of England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Laws discriminating against Catholics and the handling of the Irish Potato Famine of 1845-50 led to increased tension and the proposal of introducing Home Rule gained support.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
2313 words (6.6 pages)
- Nationalism in Britain The state is officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, but this is clouded in ambiguity – many refer to ‘the UK’ or simply ‘Britain’, while part of the state, England, is often confused with the whole. The UK is not, strictly speaking, a nation-state, since it consists of four nations. Some living in the UK claim a dual national allegiance (e.g.... [tags: Papers]
996 words (2.8 pages)
- The Avancement of the Cause of Irish Catholics and Nationalist Leaders in the Years 1801 - 1921 In 1801, the Act of Union between Britain and Ireland saw the closing of Irish Parliament and was therefore routinely denounced by all manner of Irish nationalists. Much of Ireland was owned by absentee protestant ascendancy landlords, which caused a lot of bad feeling among the ordinary Irish people who worked on the land and had to pay extortionate rents for the land they worked on, often to be thrown off without compensation.... [tags: Papers]
3866 words (11 pages)
- The Changing Role and Status of Women in Britain 1. Explain why women failed to gain the right to vote between 1900 and 1914. In the twentieth century women’s role in society was hugely different to what it is today. Women were regarded as being inferior to men and were treated as such. Although girls were given a compulsory state education 1870, few went to university and those who did were not awarded a degree. Women had very few rights under marriage, when a woman married; she and all her possessions became the property of her husband.... [tags: Papers]
1663 words (4.8 pages)