Essay about The Iranian Revolution And Its Aftermath

Essay about The Iranian Revolution And Its Aftermath

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Middle Eastern history is far too often miss-documented and poorly narrated, specifically in Iran. It is no secret that Western governments take special interest in countries with large oil deposits, however as a finite resource the increasing demand for oil mixed with fundamentally different political climates and religious followings creates a tension that many would state remains the motive for many wars today.
The 1979 Iranian Revolution and its aftermath is often simplified by detractors to be the first steps in the creation of an isolated and fundamentalist state that supports terrorism; and that is not completely wrong however lessons learned from the Iranian revolution vary hugely dependant on which part of it you’re looking at. The revolutions in Iran are important to modern history as they give an insight into a vastly different style of revolution to the ones popularised in Western culture. Because of Western teachings, and as noted earlier miss-documentation, the Iranian Revolution is often named synonymously with the Islamic Revolution – that is to take the word “revolution” as “a forcible overthrow of government or social order in favour of a new system” and “Islamic” as “relating to Islam” a complete misconception. The Pahlavi Dynasty controlling Iran, ruled by Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, was “Islamic” henceforth the forceful overthrowing of power was not then an Islamic Revolution as much as it was an Iranian Revolution. The course of that year affected Iran’s history – not Islam’s.
The Safavid Dynasty, while having not been in power marked a pivotal role in the Iranian revolution, following the Muslim conquest of Persia the Safavid Shahs established the “Twelver school of Shi’a Islam” as the official relig...


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... Criticisms of the west were displayed, which may be cause for the stereotypes taught, with demonstrators quoted; “American lifestyle has come to be imposed as ideal, the ultimate goal. Americanism was the model. American popular culture – books, magazines, film – had swept over our country like a flood... We found ourselves wondering, ‘Is there any room for our own culture?”
The Shah believed prosperity was enough to bring peace to the Iranian people, a fatal misconception in human progression and later fled Iran for America (arguably permanently damaging relations) as we now need to learn that the Iranian revolution was more about “the discontent over living conditions, pay cuts, and the threat of unemployment fused with the general disillusionment and anger with the regime” than it ever could have been about Islam, despite the huge roles of Shiite clergymen.

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