The Pahlavi dynasty was known for its emphasis on modernizing and westernizing Iran with a blatant disregard for religious and democratic procedures outlined in the constitution of Iran. The first ruler of this autocracy was Reza Pahlavi, an army general who in attempts for modernization outlawed traditional Islamic clothing, including the hijab, and instituted western laws in replace of Islamic ones. (Source 11) In no small part to these changes a rebellion began in 1935 by Shia Islam followers. However this rebellion was demolished at the shrine of Imam Reza by the Shah’s forces which killed dozens of people and injured hundreds m...
... middle of paper ...
...ayatollahs imprisoned. Reports of the casualties sustained during the riots vary, a government report estimated civilian causalities at 86 however an Iranian doctor, Dr. A.R. Azimi estimated the number at a staggering 10,000.
Subsequently this event saw the exile of Ayatollah Khomeini, he would settle in a Shiite community in southern Iraq and later move to France. Khomeini’s exile and the force used on protesters quelled violence into an unspoken and silent hope to the end of the Shah, with hope glistening in pamphlets and tape recordings sent by Khomeini from his exile. Khomeini’s attacks from Iraq described the Shah as the “King of Kings” and stated that it was the most hated of titles in the eyes of Allah; continuing that “monarchy was shameful, disgraceful, and reactionary.” Even with these attacks though the Shah pressed on with the modernization of Iran.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- A revolution is a mass movement that intends to violently transform the old government into a new political system. The Iranian Revolution, which began in 1979 after years of climax, was an uprising against the Shah’s autocratic rule resulting in much religious and political change. Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi made efforts to remove Islamic values and create a secular rule and “westernize” Iran through his White Revolution. In addition, his tight dictatorial rule and attempts at military expansion felt threatening to the people, who desired a fairer governmental rule immensely influenced by Islam.... [tags: Iranian History, Religion and Politics]
2489 words (7.1 pages)
- Points of view about the Iranian Revolution differ. From Marjane Satrapi’s perspective, the Iranian Revolution (and resulting regime) was sexist and anti-feminist. The reader meets and comes to know an articulate Iranian female voice standing against the fundamental ideas of the regime. Accordingly, Persepolis is not only a humanist work, nor simply is it a recorded history of revolutionary Iran. Instead it is an original feminist text equally because thinking women capable of individual action are at its center, and because by reporting her story Satrapi explores femininity in a fiercely male dominated society.... [tags: Iranian Revolution, Iran, Gender, Woman]
950 words (2.7 pages)
- The historic Iranian Revolution took place in 1979. Iran was not always a strict Islamic state with a Theocracy. They were once ruled by a man known as The Shah. He began to waste money, created the Yes, Your Majesty party, attempted to modernization, and created the SAVAK. Oil is Iran’s number one export. Without it their government would nearly bankrupt and taxes would be much higher. It is easy to see why people got upset when The Shah began selling oil at a higher cost, but things didn’t get better.... [tags: Islamic states, modern day theocracies]
520 words (1.5 pages)
- The 1979 Iranian revolution is a revolution that changed the country of Iran for the better. The Iranian revolution resulted in many events which include the overthrow of Reza Shah Pahlavi, and the upbringing of Ayatollah Khomeini. Ayatollah Khomeini who replaced Reza Shah with the role to improve a better perspective about Islam and to protect the realm of the Shiaa community. The Iranian revolution began with the overthrow of then leader Reza Shah, who was a non- Muslim, western powering monarch.... [tags: Iran]
1173 words (3.4 pages)
- Did American foreign policy and influence lead to the Iranian revolution and spark the Iranian hostage crisis. Part A This investigation determines to what extent American foreign policy, within the years 1953-1982, caused the Iranian embassy siege. Furthermore, it questions the role that the Carter and Kennedy administrations had in furthering the American agenda within Iran. In order to assess the role American influence played, this investigation evaluates the relations between the Carter administration and Mohammed Raza Pahlevi during his tenure as Shah.... [tags: international relations and its consequences]
1350 words (3.9 pages)
- During the Iranian Revolution, there have been a lot of conflicts with other countries. I think that during this revolution period, the most conflicts involved are with The United States of America, and The Republic of Iraq. Compared to other countries, The US and Iraq interfered with the Iranian Revolution the most and they had played important roles in Iran’s history. The Islamic Republic of Iran and The Republic of Iraq disliked each other from a long time ago, even sometimes today. The Iran and Iraq border does not allow pedestrian trespassing, the Iraqi soldiers stand in a whole line guarding the Iraq side at the border, and Iranian soldiers stand in a whole line guarding the Iran side... [tags: Revolutionary Period, United States, Iraq]
886 words (2.5 pages)
- The Iranian Revolution of 1979 was a religious uprising that involved the collapse of the longstanding Monarchy in Iran. In this essay, I will compare and contrast the background and ideology of the Iranian Revolution with the Russian Revolution of 1917. I will then outline the major differences and similarities between the two. In the 1970’s Iran, under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was a very centralized military state that maintained a close relationship with the USA. The Shah was notoriously out of touch with working class Iranians as he implemented many controversial economic policies against small business owners that he suspected involved profiteering.... [tags: Compare&Contrast, Social Unrest]
1667 words (4.8 pages)
- The emergence of the Islamic Republic in late 1970’s Iran demonstrates how middle class Iranian people purged themselves of the Pahlavi Dynasty in an effort to continue down a more righteous and egalitarian path. As a result, the country underwent a complete social upheaval and in its place grew an overtly oppressive regime based in theoretical omnipotence. In response to this regime, the very structure of political and social life was shaken and fundamentally transformed as religion and politics became inexorable.... [tags: Social Studies]
1068 words (3.1 pages)
- Millenniums and centuries ago the Persian Empire illuminated the World. Nowadays, the powerful Persian Empire has been replaced for the weak Islamic Republic of Iran. Astonishingly, through the centuries Iranians were able to keep parts of their identity. Unfortunately, the Islamist Republic has sought to prevent Iranians to keep any identity different to Islam’s. The images in this documentary will help you acquire a better idea of the major changes in the Persian individual and identity through the first and second millennium after Jesus Christ until 1953.... [tags: persian empire, Islam, constitutional revolution]
1961 words (5.6 pages)
- Iranian Revolution Introduction Iran has always, it seems, been the breeding ground for some kind of political upheaval or another. In recent times, back in 1979, there was a major revolution which was, in some ways, similar to the revolution we are seeing today. The people were angry and they were tired of being controlled by the government that was in power. They had concrete ideals and were incredibly passionate about their revolution. The revolution Iran is experiencing today does not appear to be quite as passionate and does not appear to maintain a belief in any real solid political system.... [tags: History Historical Iran Essays]
1634 words (4.7 pages)