Iranian Hostage Crisis Essay

Iranian Hostage Crisis Essay

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In this paper I will begin by providing background information on the Iranian Hostage Crisis and how the Carter Administration dealt with Iran. Next, I will focus on applying liberalism at the individual level to show that the Carter Administration was inconsistent in decision-making process during the crisis. I conclude that by using liberalism that the Carter Administration failed because President Carter should have applied the perspective of Secretary of State Cyrus Vance instead of listening to outside pressures from other members of his cabinet.
Background
On November 4, 1979, a mob of Iranian students flooded into the American Embassy in Tehran and forced the United States government to face a problem that they had never faced before; radical Islam. After being briefed on the taking of the embassy, the United States President at the time, Jimmy Carter, first went to the U.N. to try to bring an end to the hostage crisis. The U.N. Security Council took action by calling on the militants to free the hostages. The response by the Iranian government was that until they received their old leader back, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, who was admitted to the United States for cancer treatment, that they would hold the hostages indefinitely. Carter responded to the Iranians by ordering all of the Iranian people who did not comply with the student visa requirements out of the country. He then went on to halt oil imports from Iran and freeze all Iranian assets in United States banks. During the time that Carter took economic action against Iran, the Iranian government decided to put a new constitution in place that established Ayatollah Khomeini leader for life. In the Constitution, however, there was a President who had other powers within ...


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...ker of the House. April 26, 1980. Lawfare.
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Houghton, David Patrick. US foreign policy and the Iran hostage crisis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Mangle, Amber Adams, and Christine Langone. "Jimmy Carter: Discovering the Soul of a Leader through an Investigation of Personality Traits ." Association of Leadership Educators 1 (2006): 4.
Paolucci, Henry. Iran, Israel, and the United States: an American foreign policy background study. Whitestone, N.Y.: Griffon House Publications, 1991.
Salinger, Pierre. America held hostage: the secret negotiations. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1981.
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