Essay on The Iran Iraq War Of Iran

Essay on The Iran Iraq War Of Iran

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The Iran-Iraq War was the prolonged war from 1980 to 1988 between two nations, Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Iraq. This competitive rivalry between Iraq and Iran goes back to the days of the Persian empire and the Ottoman Turkish empire. “From the 1920s onwards the nominally independent states of Iraq and Iran sustained historically animosities in changed circumstances, at first still under the direct influence of Britain, and later (after 1958) as truly independent countries pursuing their respective national interests”. During the World War I and II, both Iran and Iraq were allies and they were under control of Great Britain and the United States until the Cold War, but eventually they gained their sovereignty after 1958. During 1959, Iraq withdrew from the Western-sponsored Baghdad pact and tried to stay away from the United Nations,“While republican, monarchical Iran, under Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Shah, moved closer to United States”. Though Iran become part of the United Nations and by the help of United States, the Shah of Iran was able to take over the economic and governmental system .The war was inaugurated in 1980, on the Iranian border region of Khuzestan. This war mainly involved territorial and political disputes between two Muslim nations, Iran and Iraq. Thus, this war is also known as first Persian Gulf War. This war caused tension between the Iranian and Iraqi social and political life, plus it also led to severe and major economic disruptions. This war fulfilled the purpose of various religious schisms, border disputes, and even political disputes. Iraq initiated the war by attacking western Iran in order to seize control of the rich-oil producing area. The Iran-Iraq War of 1980 through 1988 provided...


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...ould be justified in retaliating aggressively, using better weapons. Although each attacked had some success, the Iranians were ready and protected themselves, whereas, on the other hand, Iraq had to face the major damage. On November 7, “commando units played a significant role, with the navy and air force, in an assault on Iraqi oil export terminals at Mina l Bakr and Al Faw. Iran hoped to diminish Iraq’s financial resources by reducing its oil revenues. Iran also attacked the northern pipeline in the early days of the war and persuaded Syria to close the Iraqi pipeline that crossed its territory”. Iran asked its ally, Syria, to stop their providing supplies to Iraq in order to put an end to the Persian Gulf War. It was decided that a cutback of Iraq’s essential resources would impact its morale, thus having the possible effect of forcing Iraq to surrender.

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